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Hope, Pelham-Clinton- family, Dukes of Newcastle

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The summary includes a brief description of the collection(s) (usually including the covering dates of the collection), the name of the archive where they are held, and reference information to help you find the collection.

Date: 1100-2000
History:

Sir William Holles, Lord Mayor of London 1539-40, bought property in Middlesex (London, St Clement Danes) from c.1532, and purchased Haughton (Nottinghamshire) in 1541. These estates were extended particularly by John Holles of Haughton (1564-1637), who was created Earl of Clare in 1624. The family also acquired estates in Lincolnshire (Irby-on-Humber, etc), but these were later sold. Denzil Holles, younger brother of the 2nd Earl of Clare, acquired the Ifield (Sussex) estate, and was created Baron Holles of Ifield in 1661: his lands were inherited by the 4th Earl of Clare in 1694.

John Holles, 4th Earl (1662-1711), married in 1690 Margaret Cavendish, daughter and co-heir of the 2nd Duke of Newcastle, who died in 1691 (see Cavendish-Bentinck, Dukes of Portland). He was himself created Duke of Newcastle in 1694. At his death most of the Cavendish (Newcastle) estates passed to his daughter, but the Holles estates, together with the Cavendish properties of Nottingham Castle and Clumber Park (Nottinghamshire), passed to his nephew Thomas Pelham (later Pelham-Holles), 2nd Baron Pelham of Laughton (see Pelham, Earls of Chichester), who was created Duke of Newcastle in 1715.

This Duke of Newcastle, the well-known statesman, held both the Pelham estates in Sussex and the Holles estates, and also acquired Claremont in Surrey. Outlying Holles estates, however, in Derbyshire, Dorset, Hertfordshire, Kent and Wiltshire were sold to meet debts, and he made over estates in both Nottinghamshire and Sussex to his brother Henry Pelham (d. 1754, First Lord of the Treasury 1743-54). The Duke reacquired the Nottinghamshire properties in 1761, but Henry Pelham's other estates (lands in Sussex and the Esher Place estate in Surrey which he had purchased in 1729) were left to his daughters and co-heirs and dispersed by sale (see also below).

On the death of the Duke of Newcastle in 1768 Claremont was sold, and the remaining Sussex estates passed to his cousin and heir male Thomas Pelham of Stanmer (Sussex) (see Pelham, Earls of Chichester), but the Nottinghamshire, Yorkshire and Middlesex (Holles) estates passed to his nephew Henry Clinton, 9th Earl of Lincoln (1720-94), who also succeeded under a special remainder as 2nd Duke of Newcastle-under-Lyne.

The old Lincolnshire estates of the Clinton Earls of Lincoln had been alienated following the death of the 4th Earl in 1692 (see Fortescue, Earls Fortescue), but the 9th Earl had succeeded in 1730 to other Lincolnshire estates (Baumber, Brinkhill, etc) acquired by his family since 1700, together with property in the Bedford Level (Whittlesey (Cambridgeshire), etc) and Surrey (Oatlands in Weybridge). In 1744 he married Catherine, elder daughter and co-heir of Henry Pelham (d. 1754) (see above), through whom he inherited a share of Pelham’s Sussex estates (sold, however, between 1767 and 1772) and most of his personal papers. The Bedford Level estates were sold before 1768, the Lincolnshire estates between c.1776 and 1789, and Oatlands (to the Duke of York) in 1788-9, but after his succession to the Newcastle estates the 2nd Duke extended the Nottinghamshire properties, making Clumber Park his principal seat, and also added to the Aldborough and Boroughbridge estate in the West Riding of Yorkshire, first acquired in the early 18th century. Between 1794 and 1806 the trustees for the 4th Duke, a minor, continued the expansion of the Nottinghamshire estates but disposed of the Clare Market (Middlesex) property.

The 4th Duke (1785-1851) married in 1807 Georgiana Miller Mundy, heir to further Nottinghamshire property (West Leake, etc). The Worksop Manor estate was purchased from the Duke of Norfolk in 1839 (see Fitzalan-Howard, Dukes of Norfolk), but largely re-sold in 1890. The Yorkshire estates were mostly sold in the 1830s. Hafod (Cardiganshire) was acquired in 1835 but sold (apart from its celebrated library) ten years later. In 1861 the 6th Duke (1834-79) married Henrietta, daughter of Thomas Hope of Deepdene (Surrey) and heir to estates in Surrey, Gloucestershire, Warwickshire and County Monaghan (Castleblayney). These descended to a younger son, Lord Francis Pelham-Clinton, who took the additional name of Hope on coming of age in 1887 and eventually succeeded his brother as 8th Duke in 1928. (The Gloucestershire properties were sold in 1911.) Clumber was given up shortly before the Second World War. In the 1950s the 9th Duke settled in Wiltshire, acquiring the former Fane estate of Boyton, but papers relating to that and other properties in the south of England acquired after 1945 are not dealt with in this entry.

Estates in 1883: Duke of Newcastle: Notts 34,467 acres, Derbys 827 acres, Yorks WR 237 acres, Lincs 16 acres, total 35,547 acres worth £74,547 a year; Mrs Hope of Deepdene: Surrey 3,931 acres, Gloucs 4,893 acres, Warwicks 1,249 acres, Co Monaghan 11,700 acres, total 21,773 acres worth £22,138 a year.

Places:
  • Aldborough, Yorkshire
  • Balderton, Nottinghamshire
  • Baumber, Lincolnshire
  • Boroughbridge, Yorkshire
  • Byfleet, Surrey
  • Carrickfergus, County Antrim
  • Castleblayney, County Monaghan
  • Clare Market, London
  • Clumber, Nottinghamshire
  • Damerham, Hampshire
  • Deepdene, Surrey
  • Dorchester, Dorset
  • Hafod, Cardiganshire
  • Haughton, Nottinghamshire
  • Hawling, Gloucestershire
  • Ifield, Sussex
  • Irby upon Humber, Lincolnshire
  • Knightcote, Warwickshire
  • Newark, Nottinghamshire
  • Oatlands, Surrey
  • Outseats, Derbyshire
  • Weybridge, Surrey
  • Whittlesey, Cambridgeshire
  • Worksop, Nottinghamshire
  • Yoxall, Staffordshire
Sources of authority: Royal Commission on Historical Manuscripts, Principal family and estate collections L-Z, 1999.
Name authority reference: GB/NNAF/F84028 (Former ISAAR ref: GB/NNAF/F1222 )
Collections
  Description Held by Reference Further information
1
12th cent-20th cent: Notts (Clumber, etc), Derbys (Outseats, etc), Lincs (Baumber, Irby-on-Humber, etc), London (Clare Market, St Clement Danes, etc), Surrey (Oatlands in Weybridge, Deepdene and Yorks (Aldborough, etc) deeds, family and estate papers 12th-20th cent and estate papers for Cambs (Whittlesey, etc), Hunts, Northants, Sussex Ifield, etc) and Cardiganshire (Hafod) 18th cent, Monaghan (Castleblayney) early 20th cent, etc
Nottingham University Library, Department of Manuscripts and Special Collections
NRA 7411 Pelham

See HMC Principal family and estate collections L-W, 1999 [81a]
2
17th cent-18th cent: Notts (Haughton, etc), Dorset (Dorchester, etc), Hants (Damerham, etc), London (Clare Market, etc) and Yorks estate and Pelham-Clinton family and political papers, mainly of Thomas, Duke of Newcastle (d1768)
British Library, Manuscript Collections
See HMC Principal family and estate collections L-W, 1999 [80a]
3
1656-1696: Notts (Haughton, etc) estate accounts and papers
Nottingham University Library, Department of Manuscripts and Special Collections
NRA 19801

See HMC Principal family and estate collections L-W, 1999 [81d]
4
c1825-1904: Worksop (Notts) estate maps and papers c1825-1904, mainly agency papers of Joel Haslam c1860-69
Nottingham University Library, Department of Manuscripts and Special Collections
See HMC Principal family and estate collections L-W, 1999 [81e]
5
1649-19th cent: Notts (Clumber, Haughton, Worksop, etc) legal and estate papers
Nottinghamshire Archives
NRA 6875

See HMC Principal family and estate collections L-W, 1999 [81f]
6
1583-1895: Newark (Notts) manorial records 1583-1895 and Balderton (Notts) estate map 1819
Nottinghamshire Archives
NRA 5838

See HMC Principal family and estate collections L-W, 1999 [81g]
7
20th cent: Notts (Clumber) deeds, wills and inventories
Nottingham University Library, Department of Manuscripts and Special Collections
See Annual Return 2002
8
c1791-1825: misc Notts (Newark, etc) estate papers c1802-25 and election papers 1791-1812, with papers of ES Godfrey as clerk of the peace for Notts
Nottinghamshire Archives
NRA 11878 Godfrey

See HMC Principal family and estate collections L-W, 1999 [81h]
9
1799-1966: Notts (Clumber) estate maps and plans, inventories, survey, game books and cellar book
Nottingham University Library, Department of Manuscripts and Special Collections
See Annual Return 2006
10
1825-1830: Notts estate agency corresp of John Chambers
Derbyshire Record Office
See HMC Principal family and estate collections L-W, 1999 [81i]
11
1862-1886: misc Worksop (Notts) estate papers, incl further agency corresp of Joel Haslam
Yorkshire Archaeological and Historical Society
NRA 3525 Yorks Arch Soc misc

See HMC Principal family and estate collections L-W, 1999 [81j]
12
c1857-1892: Worksop (Notts) estate sale papers c1886-92, with a valuation c1857
Hull History Centre (Hull University Archives)
NRA 10731 Hull Uni Misc

See HMC Principal family and estate collections L-W, 1999 [81k]
13
c1728-1787: Dorset (Dorchester, etc) estate rental of the Duke of Newcastle 1732-45 and papers rel to the estates of the Hon Henry Pelham c1728-87
Northamptonshire Record Office
NRA 25867 Watson
14
1748-1841: Gloucs (Hawling, etc) estate terriers and maps (Hope family)
Gloucestershire Archives
See HMC Principal family and estate collections L-W, 1999 [81o]
15
1891-20th cent: misc Deepdene (Surrey) estate papers
Surrey History Centre
NRA 25870 Deepdene

See HMC Principal family and estate collections L-W, 1999 [81m]
16
19th cent-early 20th cent: Surrey (Deepdene) and misc Gloucs (Hawling, etc) and Warwicks (Knightcote, etc) estate papers
Surrey History Centre
NRA 40841 Pelham-Clinton-Hope

See HMC Principal family and estate collections L-W, 1999 [81n]
17
1714-1828: Surrey (Byfleet) estate papers 1718-1828 and personal papers of the Hon Henry Pelham 1714-50
Nottingham University Library, Department of Manuscripts and Special Collections
See HMC Principal family and estate collections L-W, 1999 [81c]
18
1731-1767: Sussex estate accounts and papers (Hon Henry Pelham)
East Sussex Record Office
NRA 10702 Sussex Archaeol

See HMC Principal family and estate collections L-W, 1999 [81l]
19
c1798-1888: Middlesex deeds
Nottingham University Library, Department of Manuscripts and Special Collections
20
17th cent-1938: Co Monaghan (Castleblayney, etc) estate maps, rentals and papers 1762-1938, with misc Co Antrim deeds and rental 17th-19th cent
Public Record Office of Northern Ireland (PRONI)
See HMC Principal family and estate collections L-W, 1999 [81p]
21
1878-1879, 1931-1943: Castleblayney (Co Monaghan) rental 1878-79 and cash books 1931-43
Public Record Office of Northern Ireland (PRONI)
See HMC Principal family and estate collections A-K, 1996 [81q]
22
1780-1793: Clare Market (London) rentals
The National Archives
See HMC Principal family and estate collections L-W, 1999 [81r]
23
1764-1781: Clare Market (London) estate accounts
British Library, Manuscript Collections
See HMC Principal family and estate collections L-W, 1999 [80a]
24
1740-1754: London (Arlington House) building account
Royal Institute of British Architects
NRA 34275 British Arch L

See HMC Principal family and estate collections L-W, 1999 [81s]
25
1781-1809: Pelham-Clinton family executorship and trust accounts and papers for the 2nd Duke of Newcastle decd
Nottingham University Library, Department of Manuscripts and Special Collections
NRA 7411 Pelham

See HMC Principal family and estate collections L-W, 1999 [81b]
26
c1629-1632: commonplace book of the 2nd Earl of Clare
Yale University Libraries: Beinecke Library
NRA 18661 Osborn coll

See HMC Principal family and estate collections L-W, 1999 [81t]
27
1746-1754: Hon Henry Pelham's corresp mainly rel to Cornish borough politics
Royal Institution of Cornwall
NRA 38757 Royal

See HMC Principal family and estate collections L-W, 1999 [81u]
28
1822-1885: papers of the 5th Duke of Newcastle 1822-64, with trusteeship papers of WE Gladstone c1849-85 and estate accounts 1862-74
Gladstone's Library
NRA 14174 Gladstone

See HMC Principal family and estate collections L-W, 1999 [81v]
29
1832-1863: letters to the 5th Duke of Newcastle from WE Gladstone
British Library, Manuscript Collections
See HMC Principal family and estate collections L-W, 1999 [81w]
30
17th cent-18th cent: naval MSS, collected by the 4th Duke of Newcastle
National Maritime Museum: The Caird Library and Archive
See HMC Principal family and estate collections L-W, 1999 [81x]
31
1738-1769: Duke of Newcastle trusteeship papers of the Monson family
Lincolnshire Archives
See Archivist's Report 1951-52 p30
32
1743: letters to Henry Pelham from Lord John Carteret
Nottingham University Library, Department of Manuscripts and Special Collections
See Annual Return 2014
33
1837: continental travel diary of William Pelham-Clinton (1815-50)
University of Birmingham: Cadbury Research Library: Special Collections
NRA 15237 BUL diaries
34
c1746: estate rental of the 1st Duke of Newcastle (d1768)
Raby Castle
See HMC Principal family and estate collections L-W, 1999 [109a]
35
c1810-1860: corresp and misc papers concerning the children of the 4th Duke of Newcastle and an album containing portraits of the Pelham-Clinton family
Nottingham University Library, Department of Manuscripts and Special Collections
See Annual Return 2006

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