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Finch, family of Burley-on-the-Hill

This page summarises records created by this Family

The summary includes a brief description of the collection(s) (usually including the covering dates of the collection), the name of the archive where they are held, and reference information to help you find the collection.

Date: 1200-2000
History:

Sir Moyle Finch, first Baronet, of Eastwell (Kent), married in 1572 Elizabeth, daughter of Sir Thomas Heneage, of Copt Hall (Essex). She was created Countess of Winchilsea in 1628, and the descendants of their eldest son held the earldom of Winchilsea and the Eastwell estate until 1729. Their third son, Sir Heneage Finch (1580-1631) of Kensington (Middlesex), Speaker of the House of Commons, was father of Sir Heneage Finch, Lord Chancellor 1675-82, who inherited estates at Ravenstone (Buckinghamshire) and Daventry (Northamptonshire) from his grandmother, and was created Earl of Nottingham in 1681. A further Buckinghamshire property, Milton Keynes, was purchased in 1677.

The 2nd Earl of Nottingham (1647-1730), Secretary of State 1689-93 and 1702-4, purchased an estate in Rutland from the 2nd Duke of Buckingham in 1694 and built Burley-on-the-Hill between 1694 and 1708. Through his first wife, Lady Essex Rich, the Essex estates of the Rich family, Earls of Warwick, came to the Finch family. His second wife was Anne, only daughter of Viscount Hatton (see Finch-Hatton, Earls of Winchilsea and Nottingham). The Hatton estates, however, were never held with the Burley estates, but passed to a younger son of the 2nd Earl in 1764.

On the death of his second cousin, the 6th Earl of Winchilsea in 1729, the 2nd Earl of Nottingham inherited the earldom of Winchilsea and the Kent estates. The Kent estates, however, passed on the death of the 8th Earl in 1769 to his brother Edward Finch-Hatton, and the earldoms of Winchilsea and Nottingham passed on the death of the 9th Earl in 1826 to George Finch-Hatton, grandson of Edward. The Rutland, Buckinghamshire and Essex estates, however, passed in 1826 to a natural son of the 9th Earl, George Finch, and on the death of W.H.M. Finch in 1939 to his great-nephew, J.R. Hanbury.

Estates in 1883: 9,183 acres in Rutland; 4,318 acres in Essex; 3,657 acres in Buckinghamshire and 174 acres in Northamptonshire; worth a total of £28,443 a year.

Places:
  • Burley-on-the-Hill, Rutland
  • Daventry, Northamptonshire
  • Eastwood, Essex
  • Foulness, Essex
  • Hockley, Essex
  • Milton Keynes, Buckinghamshire
  • Owston, Leicestershire
  • Ravenstone, Buckinghamshire
  • Rayleigh, Essex
  • Shoebury, Essex
Sources of authority: Royal Commission on Historical Manuscripts, Principal family and estate collections A-K, 1996, p. 57.
Name authority reference: GB/NNAF/F83287 (Former ISAAR ref: GB/NNAF/F10532 )
Collections
  Description Held by Reference Further information
1
13th cent-20th cent: Rutland (Burley-on-the-Hill, etc), Bucks (Milton Keynes, Ravenstone, etc) and Essex (Foulness, etc) deeds, family and estate papers 13th-20th cent, with Owston (Leics) estate surveys late 18th cent and Daventry (Northants) rentals and estate papers 18th cent
Leicestershire, Leicester and Rutland, Record Office for
NRA 9845 Finch

See HMC Principal family and estate collections A-K, 1996 [35a]
2
16th cent-20th cent: Essex (Foulness and Shoebury) manorial records
Essex Record Office
NRA 20165 Gregson

See HMC Principal family and estate collections A-K, 1996 [35b]
3
1576-1918: Foulness (Essex) manorial records and estate papers
Essex Record Office
NRA 3505 Essex RO misc

See HMC Principal family and estate collections A-K, 1996 [35c]
4
15th cent-18th cent: misc Essex (Foulness, Hockley, etc) manorial records and estate papers
Essex Record Office
NRA 8733 Keen

See HMC Principal family and estate collections A-K, 1996 [35d]
5
1599-1879: Essex (Hockley, Rayleigh, etc) manorial records
Essex Record Office
NRA 24577 Crick & Freeman

See HMC Principal family and estate collections A-K, 1996 [35e]
6
c1400-1589: Essex marsh rental 1500-01, Foulness (Essex) account c1400 and Eastwood (Essex) survey 1589
Essex Record Office
NRA 6036 Essex Arch Soc

See HMC Principal family and estate collections A-K, 1996 [35f]
7
1498-1499, 1770: Essex (Eastwood, etc) rental 1770, with Foulness (Essex) accounts 1498-99
Essex Record Office
NRA 5380 Avery

See HMC Principal family and estate collections A-K, 1996 [35g]
8
1673-1682: legal entry book of the 1st Earl of Nottingham (1621-1682)
British Library, Manuscript Collections
See HMC Principal family and estate collections A-K, 1996 [35h]

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