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Neville, family, Barons Braybrooke

This page summarises records created by this Family

The summary includes a brief description of the collection(s) (usually including the covering dates of the collection), the name of the archive where they are held, and reference information to help you find the collection.

Date: 1200-2000
History:

Thomas Audley (d. 1544), Lord Chancellor and founder of Magdalene College, Cambridge, was created Baron Audley in 1538 and granted the Walden Abbey estate in Saffron Walden (Essex). His daughter and sole heir, Margaret, married as her second husband, Thomas Howard, 4th Duke of Norfolk. Thomas Howard (1561-1626), the eldest son of this marriage, who was created Baron Howard (of Walden) in 1597 and Earl of Suffolk in 1603, inherited the estate and built Audley End 1603-16. He married a daughter and co-heir of Sir Henry Knyvett of Charlton (Wiltshire), whose Wiltshire inheritance was settled on their younger son, created Earl of Berkshire in 1626, the elder inheriting the earldom of Suffolk. The 5th Earl of Suffolk (d. 1709) married the widow of Sir John Maynard, but her Gunnersbury (Middlesex) and other estates passed at her death to the Hobart family (see Kerr, Marquesses of Lothian). The mansion of Audley End, though not the estate, was sold to King Charles II in 1669 but reconveyed to the fifth Earl in 1701.

On the death of the 10th Earl in 1745 the earldom of Suffolk devolved upon his cousin the 4th Earl of Berkshire, but the title to his estates passed to his heirs general, the descendants of the two daughters of the 3rd Earl of Suffolk The estate was divided in 1753, when one portion was received by the Countess of Portsmouth (d. 1762) and Anne Whitwell (d. 1770), both daughters of the 2nd Baron Griffin of Braybrooke, and the other portion by George Hervey, 2nd Earl of Bristol. The first portion was subsequently united in the possession of John Griffin Griffin, Anne Whitwell's son, created 4th Baron Howard in 1784 and Baron Braybrooke in 1788, who also inherited property in Northamptonshire from his Griffin ancestors. On Braybrooke's death in 1797 he was succeeded in his barony of Braybooke (but not of Howard) and his estates by his cousin Richard Aldworth Neville (1750-1825), who adopted the surname Griffin.

Neville inherited from his father, Richard Neville Aldworth Neville (d. 1793), the Aldworth family estate at Stanlake (Berkshire), including Ruscombe, Hurst and Frogmore House (New Windsor). He also inherited the Neville family estate at Billingbear Park (Berkshire), with property in Wargrave, Warfield and elsewhere, including Ashridge hundred (Wiltshire until 1844), which had passed to Richard Neville Aldworth Neville in 1762 from the Countess of Portsmouth, widow of his maternal uncle Henry Neville alias Grey. (Grey's father had married a sister of the fourth and last Baron Grey of Wark (d. 1702), but no Grey property appears to have devolved to her or her Neville descendants.)

In 1814 the 2nd Baron Braybrooke purchased Lord Bristol's portion of the Audley End estate (Littlebury). During the 19th century the adjacent Heydon estate in Great and Little Chishall (Essex, Cambridgeshire after 1895) was acquired and Chrishall (Essex) was bought from the Buckworth-Herne-Soame family. By the end of the 19th century the Braybrooke (Northamptonshire) and Wargrave estates had been sold, and Audley End was sold to the Ministry of Works in 1948. The Braybrooke archive includes papers of the Cornwallis family acquired by the marriage in 1819 of the third Baron Braybrooke to Jane, eldest daughter and co-heir of the second Marquess Cornwallis (d. 1823).

Estates in 1883: Essex 9,820 acres, Berkshire 3,691 acres, total 13,511 acres worth £18,173 a year.

Places:
  • Audley End, Essex
  • Billingbear, Berkshire
  • Braybrooke, Northamptonshire
  • Brook Walden, Essex
  • Chillingham, Northumberland
  • Chipping Walden, Essex
  • Chrishall, Essex
  • Ellisfield, Hampshire
  • Farleigh Wallop, Hampshire
  • Frogmore, Berkshire
  • Great Chishall, Cambridgeshire
  • Harting, Sussex
  • Hinton Pippard, Berkshire
  • Hurst, Berkshire
  • Little Chishall, Cambridgeshire
  • Lund, Yorkshire
  • Ruscombe, Berkshire
  • Saffron Walden, Essex
  • Shiplake, Oxfordshire
  • Stanlake Park, Berkshire
  • Uppark, Sussex
  • Walden Abbey, Essex
  • Waltham St Lawrence, Berkshire
  • Warfield, Berkshire
  • Wargrave, Berkshire
  • West Somerton, Norfolk
  • Winterton, Norfolk
Sources of authority: Royal Commission on Historical Manuscripts, Principal family and estate collections L-Z, 1999.
Name authority reference: GB/NNAF/F82718 (Former ISAAR ref: GB/NNAF/F10778 )
Collections
  Description Held by Reference Further information
1
14th cent-20th cent: Essex (Audley End, Brook Walden in Saffron Walden, etc) and Cambs (Great and Little Chishall, etc) deeds, legal papers, manorial records, estate, household and Neville family papers 14th-20th cent, Berks (Billingbear in Waltham St Lawrence, etc) estate papers 18th-19th cent, Northants (Braybrooke, etc) deeds and papers 17th-18th cent and Northumberland (Chillingham, etc) and Sussex (Uppark in Harting, etc) deeds and household papers 14th-18th cent, with papers of the Aldworth, Cornwallis, Glynne, Grey, Griffith, Howard and Whitwell families 16th-19th cent
Essex Record Office
NRA 6803 Neville

See HMC Principal family and estate collections L-W, 1999 [73a]
2
14th cent-20th cent: Essex (Brooke and Chipping Walden in Saffron Walden, Littlebury, etc) manorial records
Essex Record Office
NRA 5391 Adams

See HMC Principal family and estate collections L-W, 1999 [73b]
3
18th cent-19th cent: Essex (Littlebury, Saffron Walden, etc) estate maps and papers
Essex Record Office
NRA 6036 Essex Arch Soc

See HMC Principal family and estate collections L-W, 1999 [73c]
4
17th cent-20th cent: Essex (Audley End, etc) estate and household accounts and papers 18th-20th cent and Neville family accounts, corresp and papers 17th-20th cent, incl papers of the Aldworth, Griffin, Howard and Whitwell families
Essex Record Office
NRA 6803 Neville

See HMC Principal family and estate collections L-W, 1999 [73d]
5
c1387: Walden Abbey (Essex) cartulary
British Library, Manuscript Collections
See HMC Principal family and estate collections L-W, 1999 [73q]
6
1221-20th cent: Berks (Billingbear in Waltham St Lawrence, Frogmore, Stanlake Park in Ruscombe, Warfield, etc) deeds, legal papers, manorial records, rentals, accounts, estate, household and Neville family corresp and papers 1221-20th cent, with misc deeds and papers for Hants and Oxon (Shiplake, etc) c16th-19th cent, misc Lund (Yorks) estate corresp c1598-1608, etc
Berkshire Record Office
NRA 431

See HMC Principal family and estate collections L-W, 1999 [73e]
7
17th cent-20th cent: Berks (Hinton Pippard, Warfield, Wargrave, etc) manorial records and misc estate papers
Berkshire Record Office
NRA 431

See HMC Principal family and estate collections L-W, 1999 [73f]
8
17th cent-20th cent: Berks (Hurst, etc) deeds and manorial court records
Berkshire Record Office
NRA 431

See HMC Principal family and estate collections L-W, 1999 [73g]
9
18th cent-19th cent: Berks (Billingbear in Waltham St Lawrence, Hurst, Warfield, etc) manorial records and estate papers
Berkshire Record Office
NRA 431

See HMC Principal family and estate collections L-W, 1999 [73h]
10
c1600: Warfield (Berks) survey
Berkshire Record Office
NRA 10575 Hercy
11
1669-1763: misc Hants (Ellisfield, Farleigh Wallop, etc) deeds and legal papers 1669-1763 (Earl of Portsmouth's estates), with rental of the 1st Baron Braybrooke's Cambs and Essex estates c1749
Hampshire Archives and Local Studies
See HMC Principal family and estate collections L-W, 1999 [73j]
12
1779-1790: Braybrooke (Northants) enclosure papers
Northamptonshire Record Office
See HMC Principal family and estate collections L-W, 1999 [73a]
13
16th cent-19th cent: Aldworth and Neville family and official corresp and papers
The National Archives
See HMC Principal family and estate collections L-W, 1999 [73k]
14
1614-1854: Cornwallis family papers 1614-1854 (from the Neville family archives), mainly official corresp and papers of the 1st Marquess Cornwallis (1738-1805)
The National Archives
See HMC Principal family and estate collections L-W, 1999 [73l]
15
13th cent-19th cent: Cornwallis family and estate papers (acquired by the Neville family c1819)
Suffolk Record Office, Ipswich Branch
NRA 4134 Guinness

See HMC Principal family and estate collections L-W, 1999 [73m]
16
1604-1636: Howard family papers and collections of the 1st Earl of Suffolk (1561-1626) and the 2nd Earl of Suffolk (1584-1640)
Oxford University: Bodleian Library, Special Collections
See HMC Principal family and estate collections L-W, 1999 [73r]
17
18th cent-19th cent: Neville family corresp and papers, mainly of the 2nd and 3rd Barons Braybrooke
Gladstone's Library
NRA 14174 Gladstone
18
1780-1825: personal corresp of the 2nd Baron Braybrooke (1750-1825)
Berkshire Record Office
NRA 431

See HMC Principal family and estate collections L-W, 1999 [73i]
19
14th cent-19th cent: Cambridge University papers of the 6th Baron Braybrooke 1856-61, with Walden Abbey (Essex) survey 1399-1400, household accounts of the Duke of York 1662-73, accounts of the debts of the 2nd Earl of Suffolk 1640-46 and journal of the 1st Marquess Cornwallis (1738-1805)
Cambridge University Library: Department of Manuscripts and University Archives
See HMC Principal family and estate collections L-W, 1999 [73n]
20
c1839-1861: archaeological papers of the 4th Baron Braybrooke (1820-1861)
Cambridge University: Museum of Archaeology and Anthropology
NRA 39203 Cambridge UMAA

See HMC Principal family and estate collections L-W, 1999 [73o]
21
1838-1840: Canadian military diary of the 4th Baron Braybrooke
Cambridge University Library: Department of Manuscripts and University Archives

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