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Noel, family, Earls of Gainsborough

This page summarises records created by this Family

The summary includes a brief description of the collection(s) (usually including the covering dates of the collection), the name of the archive where they are held, and reference information to help you find the collection.

Alternative name(s):
  • Noel family, Barons Noel (Formerly known as)
  • Noel family, Barons Barham (Formerly known as)
  • Noel family, Viscounts Campden (Formerly known as)
  • Noel family, baronets, of Barham Court (Formerly known as)
Date: 1100-2000
History:

The Noel family was established in Staffordshire in the Middle Ages: Andrew Noel (d. 1563), third son of James Noel of Hidcote (Staffordshire) acquired property in Rutland and Leicestershire and founded the branch of the Noel family from which the Earls of Gainsborough descended. Estates in other counties (mainly Gloucestershire, Hampshire, Kent and Middlesex) were subsequently acquired through purchase, inheritance and marriage.

The family’s principal seat was Exton Hall (Rutland). After Exton Hall was severely damaged by fire in 1810 Barham Court near Maidstone (Kent) became the main residence until the sale of the Kent estate in 1845-46 but a new house at Exton was completed in the early 1850s. Campden House in Chipping Campden (Gloucestershire), inherited from Baptist Hicks, Viscount Campden (d. 1629), was destroyed in the Civil War while Campden House (Kensington) was sold in 1708. The family of Gerard Noel Edwards, who inherited the Noel family estates in 1798 and took the surname Noel, had resided at Welham Grove in Welham (Leicestershire) but this was sold by 1840.

Andrew Noel (d. 1563) acquired Old Dalby (Leicestershire, sold 1617) and Brooke (Rutland). His grandson Sir Edward Noel (d. 1643) bought the former Harington family estate of Ridlington (Rutland) and was created Baron Noel in 1617. He married a co-heir of Baptist Hicks (Viscount Campden, d. 1629), through whom came the property in Rutland (Exton and Whitwell), Gloucestershire (Chipping Campden), Middlesex (Hampstead, sold 1707) and Campden House (Kensington, sold 1708), and succeeded his father-in-law as 2nd Viscount Campden.

Valle Crucis (Denbighshire) was acquired through the marriage of the 3rd Viscount Campden (1612-82) and Hester, daughter of the 2nd Baron Wotton, but was sold in 1663 to Sir John Wynn, 5th Bt. The fourth Viscount Campden (1641-89, created Earl of Gainsborough in 1682) married in 1661 Elizabeth Wriothesley, elder daughter of the fourth Earl of Southampton, through whom came the Titchfield (Hampshire) estate, but on the 2nd Earl of Gainsborough’s death in 1690 this estate passed to his daughters (who married respectively the 1st Duke of Portland and the 2nd Duke of Beaufort). The Rutland and Gloucestershire estates, with the earldom of Gainsborough, however, were inherited by the second Earl’s cousin Baptist Noel of North Luffenham and Cottesmore (both Rutland).

Property at Walcot (Northamptonshire), Castle Bytham (Lincolnshire) and Kinnoulton (Nottinghamshire) was inherited by the 6th Earl of Gainsborough from a cousin, Thomas Noel of Walcot (d. 1788). On the 6th Earl’s death in 1798 his estates were divided, the Walcot properties passing to CH Neville, who took the name Noel, and the Rutland and Gloucestershire estates passing to Gerard Noel Edwards (1759-1838), later Sir GN Noel, 2nd Bt, son of GA Edwards (d. 1773) of Welham Grove (Leicestershire) by Jane Noel (d1811), sister of the 5th and 6th Earls.

GN Edwards had inherited from his father various properties in Leicestershire (Welham, etc), London and Middlesex (Islington, Kensington, etc), Kent (Dartford, etc) and Ireland, but these were all sold between 1805 and 1840. GN Edwards had married in 1780 Diana, daughter of Charles Middleton (1726-1813), 1st Baron Barham, who succeeded her father in the barony and the Barham Court estate near Maidstone (Kent). On her death in 1823 she was in turn succeeded in the Barham Court estate and peerage title by her son Charles Noel (d. 1866), who inherited the Rutland (Exton, etc) and Gloucestershire (Chipping Campden) estates of his father in 1838 and was created Earl of Gainsborough in 1841. The remaining Kent property was, however, sold by 1845-46.

Places:
  • Barham Court, Kent
  • Bath, Somerset
  • Brooke, Rutland
  • Chipping Campden, Gloucestershire
  • Cottesmore, Rutland
  • Dartford, Kent
  • Exton, Rutland
  • Islington, Middlesex
  • Kensington, Middlesex
  • Old Dalby, Leicestershire
  • Pickwell, Leicestershire
  • Stamford, Lincolnshire
  • Titchfield, Hampshire
  • Valle Crucis, Denbighshire
  • Welham, Leicestershire
  • Whitwell, Rutland
Sources of authority: Royal Commission on Historical Manuscripts, Principal family and estate collections L-Z, 1999.
Genealogy:

Sir Edward Noel (d. 1643) married Julian, daughter and co-heir of Sir Baptist Hicks (d. 1629), Viscount Campden, and succeeded to the viscounty of Campden and a portion of his father-in-law’s estates. The 3rd Viscount Campden (1612-82) married Hester Wotton, daughter of the 2nd Baron Wotton.

The 4th Viscount Campden (1641-89, created Earl of Gainsborough in 1682) married Elizabeth Wriothesley, elder daughter of the 4th Earl of Southampton. Jane Noel (d. 1811), sister of the 5th and 6th Earls of Gainsborough, married Gerard Anne Edwards of Welham Grove (Leicestershire) and had issue Gerard Noel Edwards (1759-1838). He married in 1780 Diana Middleton (1762-1823), suo jure Baroness Barham), daughter of Charles Middleton (1726-1813), created 1st Baronet of Barham Court (Kent) in 1781 and 1st Baron Barham in 1805.

GN Edwards assumed the surname Noel in 1798 on inheriting the 6th Earl of Gainsborough’s Rutland and Gloucestershire estates (although not the Earl’s honours, which were extinguished); and he later inherited his father-in-law’s baronetcy. His eldest son John Noel (1781-1866) succeeded to the estates of his mother and father, to his mother’s barony and his father’s baronetcy, and was created Viscount Campden and Earl of Gainsborough in 1841.

References: HMC, Principal Family and Estate Collections: Family Names L-W, 1999, Complete Peerage , 1936, Burkes Peerage, 1970, Complete Baronetage, vol 5, 1906
Name authority reference: GB/NNAF/F81954 (Former ISAAR ref: GB/NNAF/F10216 )
Online related resources Exton Park website
Collections
  Description Held by Reference Further information
1
12th cent-20th cent: Rutland (Exton, etc), Gloucs (Chipping Campden, etc), Leics (Old Dalby, Pickwell, etc), Kent (Barham Court, etc) and London (Islington and Kensington, etc) deeds, family and estate papers 12th-20th cent, with deeds and papers rel to Stamford (Lincs) and Bath (Somerset) 19th cent, Denbighshire (Valle Crucis, etc) 15th-17th cent and Ireland 17th-19th cent, etc
Leicestershire, Leicester and Rutland, Record Office for
NRA 41841

See HMC Principal family and estate collections L-W, 1999 [74a]
2
1925-1926: Rutland estate sales papers
Leicestershire, Leicester and Rutland, Record Office for
NRA 30447

See HMC Principal family and estate collections L-W, 1999 [74b]
3
17th cent-19th cent: Rutland (Exton, etc) and Stamford (Lincs) deeds 17th-19th cent and Noel family financial and trust papers 19th cent
Leicestershire, Leicester and Rutland, Record Office for
See HMC Principal family and estate collections L-W, 1999 [74c]
4
1616, 1736: Pickwell (Leics) estate maps
Leicestershire, Leicester and Rutland, Record Office for
See HMC Principal family and estate collections L-W, 1999 [74d]
5
17th cent-20th cent: misc Rutland (Exton, etc) and Leics (Pickwell, etc) deeds, legal and estate papers 17th-19th cent, Irish estate rentals 1777 and 1791-92, and Noel and Edwards family corresp and papers 17th-20th cent
Leicestershire, Leicester and Rutland, Record Office for
NRA 26147

See HMC Principal family and estate collections L-W, 1999 [74e]
6
1745-1838: Leics (Welham, etc) deeds and estate papers
Leicestershire, Leicester and Rutland, Record Office for
NRA 6261 Burton
7
15th cent-20th cent: Gloucs (Chipping Campden, etc) deeds and estate papers
Leicestershire, Leicester and Rutland, Record Office for
NRA 41841

See HMC Principal family and estate collections L-W, 1999 [74a]
8
1707-1881: Chipping Campden (Gloucs) deeds and papers
Gloucestershire Archives
See HMC Principal family and estate collections L-W, 1999 [74f]
9
13th cent-18th cent: misc Hants (Titchfield) deeds and papers
Hampshire Archives and Local Studies
NRA 8800 Wriothesley

See HMC Principal family and estate collections A-K, 1996 [18g]
10
18th cent-20th cent: Noel and Edwards family corresp and papers
Collection held privately: enquiries to The National Archives, Archives Sector Development
NRA 19513 Noel

See HMC Principal family and estate collections L-W, 1999 [74g]
11
1757-1813: naval and other papers of the 1st Baron Barham (d1813)
National Maritime Museum: The Caird Library and Archive
NRA 30121 Nat Maritime Mus

See HMC Principal family and estate collections L-W, 1999 [74h]
12
1819-1829: journals and diaries of Arabella, Lady Barham
National Records of Scotland (formerly National Archives of Scotland)
NRA 33903 Agnew
13
commonplace book of the 1st Viscount Campden (d1629)
Collection held privately: enquiries to Staffordshire County Record Office
NRA 6393 Shaw-Hellier

See HMC Principal family and estate collections L-W, 1999 [74i]
14
c1860-1900: scrapbook of paper seals, with autographs and related heraldic items, collected by Letitia, wife of Captain Robert Noel, with notes on provenance and family history of the compiler
Leicestershire, Leicester and Rutland, Record Office for
See Annual Return 2017

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Related record creators
  Record creator Description of relationship Dates Category of relationship
1
A daughter of second Earl of Gainsborough married the first Duke of Portland
Late 17th cent
Family
2
GN Edwards inherited the Noel estates in 1798 and took the surname Noel
1798
Family
3
The sixth Earl of Gainsborough inherited the Walcot (Northamptonshire) estates of his cousin Thomas Noel in 1788
1788
Family
4
The second Duke of Beaufort married Rachel daughter and coheir of the second Earl of Gainsborough in 1706
1706
Family
5
Third Viscount Campden married Hester, daughter of second baron Wotton
mid 17th cent
Family
6
Elizabeth, daughter of the fourth Earl of Southampton married the first Earl of Gainsborough in 1661
late 17th cent
Family