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Pelham, family, Earls of Chichester

This page summarises records created by this Family

The summary includes a brief description of the collection(s) (usually including the covering dates of the collection), the name of the archive where they are held, and reference information to help you find the collection.

Date: 1100-2000
History:

The Pelham family was settled in East Sussex from the 14th century, and between the 14th and late 16th centuries acquired extensive lands there, including Laughton (where Laughton Place was the principal seat until Halland was built in the 1590s), Waldron, Burwash, Bivelham (in Mayfield) and the rapes of Pevensey and Hastings. Sir Thomas Pelham was created a baronet in 1611. Sir John Pelham, 3rd Bt (d. 1703), married Lucy Sidney, daughter of the 2nd Earl of Leicester. Sir Thomas Pelham, 4th Bt (d. 1712), married in 1686 Lady Grace Holles, daughter of the 3rd Earl of Clare, and was created Baron Pelham in 1706.

The 2nd Baron Pelham (1693-1768) succeeded to the Holles estates of his uncle the Duke of Newcastle in 1711 (see Pelham-Clinton, later Pelham-Clinton-Hope, Dukes of Newcastle), and was himself created Duke of Newcastle in 1715. He divided the Pelham estates in Sussex between himself and his brother Henry Pelham (d. 1754). The properties that passed to Henry Pelham, including Ifield (a former Holles estate), Laughton Place, Burwash and Bivelham, were left to his daughters as co-heirs, and later partitioned and partly sold, but on the death of the Duke of Newcastle in 1768 the remaining Sussex estates in his possession, including Laughton and the rape of Hastings, passed to his cousin and heir male Thomas Pelham of Stanmer (Sussex) (1728-1805).

Thomas Pelham (who also inherited the personal and political papers of the Duke of Newcastle, kept during his lifetime at Claremont (Surrey)) was the grandson of Henry Pelham of Lewes (brother of the 1st Baron Pelham), who had acquired Stanmer c.1716 and built a house there in the 1720s. He and his successors built up an extensive estate in East Sussex, and after 1768 Stanmer continued to be the principal seat, Halland being converted to a farmhouse. Thomas Pelham succeeded the Duke of Newcastle as 2nd Baron Pelham (of the 1762 creation), and was created Earl of Chichester in 1801. In 1804, on the death of Frances Pelham, he inherited the unsold remainder of Henry Pelham’s Sussex properties.

Estates in 1883: Sussex 16,232 acres worth £13,650 a year.

Places:
  • Claremont Park, Surrey
  • Esher, Surrey
  • Falmer, Sussex
  • Garthorpe, Leicestershire
  • Halland, Sussex
  • Hastings, Sussex
  • Kippax, Yorkshire
  • Laughton, Sussex
  • Lindfield, Sussex
  • Preston Candover, Hampshire
  • Rockingham, Northamptonshire
  • South Malling, Sussex
  • Stanmer, Sussex
Sources of authority: Royal Commission on Historical Manuscripts, Principal family and estate collections, 1999.
Name authority reference: GB/NNAF/F81532 (Former ISAAR ref: GB/NNAF/F10439 )
Collections
  Description Held by Reference Further information
1
12th cent-20th cent: Sussex (Laughton, Stanmer, etc) deeds, manorial records, family and estate papers 12th-20th cent, with estate and family papers of the Holles Earls of Clare and Thomas Pelham-Holles, Duke of Newcastle (d1768), incl Claremont Park (Surrey) farm accounts 1758-69
British Library, Manuscript Collections
See HMC Principal family and estate collections L-W, 1999 [80a]
2
15th cent-19th cent: Sussex (Laughton, Stanmer, etc) deeds and papers and Pelham family wills and settlements
East Sussex Record Office
See HMC Principal family and estate collections L-W, 1999 [80d]
3
14th cent-19th cent: Sussex (Stanmer, etc) deeds, legal, manorial, family and estate papers
East Sussex Record Office
NRA 10264 Pelham

See HMC Principal family and estate collections L-W, 1999 [80e]
4
1776-1930: Stanmer (Sussex) estate maps c1776-1850 and architectural drawings c1840-1930
East Sussex Record Office
NRA 6751 Pelham family

See HMC Principal family and estate collections L-W, 1999 [80f]
5
1712-20th cent: Sussex (Stanmer, etc) estate, farming and household accounts and papers, incl papers rel to Stanmer church and Falmer school
East Sussex Record Office
NRA 6751 Pelham family

See HMC Principal family and estate collections L-W, 1999 [80g]
6
1637-20th cent: Sussex (Stanmer, etc) deeds and papers 1637-20th cent, incl Falmer manorial records 1637-1776 and Stanmer estate and sale papers 1923-57
East Sussex Record Office
NRA 6751 Pelham family

See HMC Principal family and estate collections L-W, 1999 [80h]
7
14th cent-20th cent: Sussex (Laughton, Stanmer, etc) deeds, legal, manorial, family and estate papers 14th-20th cent and Kippax (Yorks) fee farm rent accounts 1828
East Sussex Record Office
NRA 6751 Pelham family

See HMC Principal family and estate collections L-W, 1999 [80i]
8
1928-1954: Sussex (Stanmer and Falmer) estate plans and papers
East Sussex Record Office
NRA 37657 Bush

See HMC Principal family and estate collections L-W, 1999 [80i]
9
16th cent-20th cent: Sussex (Laughton, Lindfield, South Malling, etc) manorial records and estate papers
East Sussex Record Office
NRA 37772 Blaker

See HMC Principal family and estate collections L-W, 1999 [80j]
10
1569-20th cent: Sussex (Stanmer, etc) manorial and rape of Hastings records
East Sussex Record Office
NRA 5244 Raper

See HMC Principal family and estate collections L-W, 1999 [80k]
11
c1733-1764: Sussex (Stanmer, etc) estate rentals, accounts, corresp and papers of John Collier of Hastings, agent and steward
East Sussex Record Office
NRA 28259 Sayer

See HMC Principal family and estate collections L-W, 1999 [80l]
12
1769-1789: Laughton (Sussex) estate accounts
East Sussex Record Office
NRA 7797 E Sussex RO misc

See HMC Principal family and estate collections L-W, 1999 [80m]
13
1750-1799: Sussex (Stanmer, etc) estate maps 1792, 1799 and accounts 1750-83
East Sussex Record Office
See HMC Principal family and estate collections L-W, 1999 [80n]
14
1897-1905: Stanmer (Sussex) household account book
East Sussex Record Office
NRA 5956 Pelham

See HMC Principal family and estate collections L-W, 1999 [80o]
15
18th cent-1940: Sussex (Halland, Laughton, Stanmer, etc) deeds, legal, estate and house building papers 18th-19th cent, with Stanmer inventories 1928, 1940
East Sussex Record Office
NRA 37850 Norris

See HMC Principal family and estate collections L-W, 1999 [80p]
16
1429-1840: misc Hastings (Sussex) honour, castle and rape deeds 1429-1840 and rental 1731-41
East Sussex Record Office
NRA 1153 Pelham

See HMC Principal family and estate collections L-W, 1999 [80q]
17
1717-1725: Rape of Hastings (Sussex) cottage and castleguard rental
East Sussex Record Office
See HMC Principal family and estate collections L-W, 1999 [80r]
18
1442-1839: Sussex (Laughton, etc) and misc Hants (Preston Candover), Leics (Garthorpe), Rockingham (Northants) and Surrey (Esher) deeds and papers, many rel to the division of the estates of the Hon Henry Pelham (d1754)
East Sussex Record Office
See Annual Report 1998-99 p14
19
1731-1767: Sussex estate accounts 1731-54, rental 1761 and particulars 1767 (division of the Hon Henry Pelham's estates)
East Sussex Record Office
NRA 10702 Sussex Archaeol

See HMC Principal family and estate collections L-W, 1999 [81l]
20
1738-1922: Pelham family corresp and papers 1738-1922, incl Sussex election expenses 1768, 1784
British Library, Manuscript Collections
See HMC Principal family and estate collections L-W, 1999 [80c]
21
17th cent-18th cent: Pelham family papers
Nottingham University Library, Department of Manuscripts and Special Collections
NRA 7411 Pelham

See HMC Principal family and estate collections L-W, 1999 [81a]
22
1775-1776: ledger of Lord Pelham and Henrietta, Duchess of Newcastle
British Library, Manuscript Collections
See HMC Principal family and estate collections L-W, 1999 [80b]
23
1714-1750: misc papers of the Hon Henry Pelham, etc
Nottingham University Library, Department of Manuscripts and Special Collections
See HMC Principal family and estate collections L-W, 1999 [81c
24
1746-1754: Hon Henry Pelham's corresp, rel mainly to Cornish borough politics
Royal Institution of Cornwall
NRA 38757 Royal

See HMC Principal family and estate collections L-W, 1999 [81u]

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