DIOCESE OF SALISBURY

This record is held by Wiltshire and Swindon History Centre

Details of DIOCESE OF SALISBURY
Title: DIOCESE OF SALISBURY
Reference: D
Description:

The earlier documents cover four main areas; administration, court records, visitation records and non-contentious court records, while the 'modern', documents also include management, personnel, welfare and missionary and the Diocesan Council of Education.

 

Bishop of Salisbury

 

Archdeacons of Salisbury

 

Archdeacon of Wiltshire

 

Sub-Dean of Salisbury

 

Dean of Salisbury

 

Prebend of Bishopstone

 

Prebend of Chute and Chisenbury

 

Prebend of Coombe and Harnham

 

Prebend of Durnford

 

Prebend of Highworth

 

Prebend of Hurstbourne and Burbage

 

Prebend of Netheravon

 

Prebend of Wilsford and Woodford

 

Prebend of Chardstock

 

Prebend of Fordington

 

Prebend of Lyme and Halstock

 

Prebend of Netherbury

 

Prebend of Preston

 

Prebend of Yetminster and Grimstone

 

Prebend of Uffculme

 

Peculiar of the Lord Warden of Savernake Forest

 

Peculiar of Trowbridge

 

Peculiar of the Dean and Canons of Windsor

 

Peculiar of the Dean and Chapter

 

Peculiar of the Precentor

 

Peculiar of the Treasurer

 

Peculiar of Gillingham

 

Bishop of Bristol: Sub-Registry for Dorset

 

Archdeacon of Dorset

 

Archdeacon of Sherborne

 

'MODERN' DIOCESAN RECORDS

 

Management

 

Personnel

 

Property

 

Welfare and Missionary

 

Miscellaneous

 

Diocesan Council of Education

Date: c1220-1998
Held by: Wiltshire and Swindon History Centre, not available at The National Archives
Language: English
Extent: 368 series
Custodial history:

The records listed here are those of the bishop of Salisbury, the archdeacons of Salisbury and Wiltshire, the sub-dean of Salisbury and the peculiars; and also records of the bishop of Bristol relating to Dorset, and the archdeacon of Dorset. Before they were moved to the record office at Wren Hall, they were kept in three separate repositories: first, the muniment room in the Exeter Street gatehouse of the bishop's palace; second, the Diocesan Registry itself, at no. 6, The Close; and third, the so-called Dean's Registry over the north porch of the cathedral (Pilgrim Trust: Survey of Ecclesiastical Archives. Report, 1946.) The records kept in the first were the bishop's and had formerly been kept in the Beauchamp Tower of the bishop's palace (Wiltshire Archaeological and Natural History Magazine, vol. XLI, p.97). Those in the registry included records of the bishop, the archdeacons and the peculiars, and some of them had also been in the Beauchamp Tower. The third place, the Dean's Registry, contained the records of the peculiars, the archdeacons and most of the Dorset ones; those of the peculiars and archdeacons had been brought there in 1812 from their separate registries, and the Dorset ones in 1928 (Salisbury Diocesan Gazette, September 1939, article by C. R. Everett).

 

All these repositories had become over-crowded and inconvenient, and in about 1951 the records began to be moved into the main hall of the former cathedral school at 56 The Close, known as Wren Hall. The transfer of the records was carried out under the direction of Dr. A.E.J. Hollaender, who had been appointed Honorary Archivist to the diocese shortly before. By October 1960, when the agreement with the County Council for setting up a record office came into effect, nearly all the records listed here had been moved to Wren Hall. The list does, however, include a few which came later and from other places, and in particular, records from the registry of the archdeacon of Dorset and from the Dorset County Record Office; also some odd groups and items which were found among the probate records transferred from Somerset House to the Wiltshire County Record Office.

 

In 1980 it was decided that the premises at Wren Hall were no longer adequate, so the records were transferred to the Diocesan Record Office at County Hall, Trowbridge.

Administrative History:

Until 1542 the diocese of Salisbury covered Wiltshire, Berkshire and Dorset. In 1542 Dorset was transferred to the newly formed diocese of Bristol (except for those parishes which were, and remained, Salisbury peculiars), but in 1836 it was transferred back to Salisbury. Also in 1836, Berkshire went to the diocese of Oxford; and in 1837 the deaneries of Cricklade and Malmesbury, in the north of Wiltshire, were transferred to the see of Gloucester and Bristol.

 

Each of the counties of Dorset and Berkshire formed one archdeaconry until Dorset was divided into two in 1919. Wiltshire was divided into two main archdeaconries, Wiltshire and Salisbury, covering respectively the northern and southern parts of the county, and a minor one called the sub-deanery of Salisbury. This covered the three city parishes of Salisbury and also Stratford-sub-Castle. The registries and records of the Wiltshire archdeaconries, unlike the others, have always been in Salisbury, and in fact their registrars were often the same person as the bishop's registrar. The archdeacon of Berkshire's registry, however, was in Oxford from at least the early 16th century until some time between 1878 and 1920, when it was moved to Reading. The records, which were at one time kept in St. Aldate's church, are now in the Berkshire Record Office and there are none in Salisbury. The registry of the archdeaconry of Dorset was at Blandford until the latter part of the 19th century, when it moved to Sherborne. In 1919 two new archdeaconries of Sherborne and Dorset were established, whose registries effectively ceased operating by 1995.

 

PARISHES AND CHAPELRIES IN PECULIAR JURISDICTIONS

 

There were about 27 peculiar jurisdictions in the diocese, nearly all with their separate registries; from all but two or three of these the bishop was completely excluded so far as judicial and administrative matters went, as were the archdeacons, so that their records contain nothing about the parishes in these jurisdictions. By far the biggest was that of the dean of Salisbury; this covered not only more than 40 parishes and chapelries in Wiltshire, Berkshire and Dorset, but had supervisory authority over about 38 more, being the parishes in the prebendal peculiars or in peculiars which had originated as prebendal ones. There were a few peculiars which were quite independent of the dean as well as of the bishop, and never inhibited. They were those of the dean and chapter, the precentor, the treasurer, Gillingham, and the prebendary of Chute in respect of his jurisdiction over Winterbourne Dauntsey. Three more have left no trace among the diocesan archives: Ansty was a royal peculiar and there are no records for it before the latter part of the 19th century, either separately or with those of the bishop; and neither Castle Combe nor Corsham has left a separate collection though they occur in the ordinary way among the bishop's records. The reason for this is not known in the case of Castle Combe, but with Corsham it was because the bishop had concurrent jurisdiction with the vicar, to whom the peculiar belonged. Besides the above there were 11 parishes and chapelries in the bishop's own peculiar. These were: Trowbridge and its chapelry of Staverton (which had, up to the beginning of the 17th century, formed a separate peculiar as well as coming under the bishop), Marlborough St. Mary and St. Peter, Preshute, Devizes St. Mary and St. John, Potterne, West Lavington, Stert and Berwick St. James. The archdeacons were excluded from these parishes, but the bishop dealt with them in the ordinary course of his business, as well as visiting them at extra times. The peculiars were abolished in 1846, by Order in Council, though that of the dean lingered on for some time.

 

Ten parishes in Dorset were Bristol peculiars (see list below):

 

Berkshire

 

Parish Arborfield Peculiar Jurisdiction Dean

 

Parish Aston Upthorpe, in Blewbury Peculiar Jurisdiction Dean

 

Parish Blewbury Peculiar Jurisdiction Dean

 

Parish Coxwell, Little, in Faringdon Peculiar Jurisdiction Prebend of Faringdon

 

Parish Faringdon Peculiar Jurisdiction Prebend of Faringdon

 

Parish Hungerford Peculiar Jurisdiction Dean and Canons of Windsor

 

Parish Hurst Peculiar Jurisdiction Dean

 

Parish Ruscombe Peculiar Jurisdiction Dean

 

Parish Sandhurst Peculiar Jurisdiction Dean

 

Parish Sonning Peculiar Jurisdiction Dean

 

Parish Upton, in Blewbury Peculiar Jurisdiction Dean

 

Parish Wantage Peculiar Jurisdiction Dean and Canons of Windsor

 

Parish Wokingham Peculiar Jurisdiction Dean

 

Devon

 

Parish Uffculme Peculiar Jurisdiction Prebend of Uffculme

 

Dorset

 

Parish Alton Pancras Peculiar Jurisdiction Dean

 

Parish Anderson (or Winterborne Anderstone) Peculiar Jurisdiction Dean

 

Parish Beaminster Peculiar Jurisdiction Prebend of Netherbury in Ecclesia

 

Parish Beer Hackett Peculiar Jurisdiction Dean

 

Parish Bere Regis Peculiar Jurisdiction Dean

 

Parish Bloxworth Peculiar Jurisdiction Dean

 

Parish Bourton, in Gillingham Peculiar Jurisdiction Gillingham

 

Parish Canford Magna (Bristol) Peculiar Jurisdiction Great Canford and Poole

 

Parish Castleton, in Sherborne Peculiar Jurisdiction Dean

 

Parish Caundle Marsh Peculiar Jurisdiction Dean

 

Parish Chardstock (now in Devon) Peculiar Jurisdiction Prebend of Chardstock

 

Parish Charminster Peculiar Jurisdiction Dean

 

Parish Chetnole, in Yetminster Peculiar Jurisdiction Prebend of Yetminster and Grimstone

 

Parish Clifton Maybank Peculiar Jurisdiction Dean

 

Parish Compton, Nether Peculiar Jurisdiction Dean

 

Parish Compton, Over Peculiar Jurisdiction Dean

 

Parish Corfe Castle (Bristol) Peculiar Jurisdiction Corfe Castle

 

Parish Corfe Mullen (Bristol) Peculiar Jurisdiction Sturminster Marshall

 

Parish Folke Peculiar Jurisdiction Dean

 

Parish Fordington Peculiar Jurisdiction Prebend of Fordington and Writhlington

 

Parish Gillingham Peculiar Jurisdiction Gillingham

 

Parish Halstock Peculiar Jurisdiction Prebend of Lyme and Halstock

 

Parish Hamworthy (Bristol) Peculiar Jurisdiction Sturminster Marshall

 

Parish Haydon Peculiar Jurisdiction Dean

 

Parish Hermitage Peculiar Jurisdiction Dean

 

Parish Holnest Peculiar Jurisdiction Dean

 

Parish Leigh, in Yetminster Peculiar Jurisdiction Prebend of Yetminster and Grimstone Lillington

 

Parish Long Burton Peculiar Jurisdiction Dean

 

Parish Lyme Regis Peculiar Jurisdiction Prebend of Lyme and Halstock

 

Parish Lytchett Minster (Bristol) Peculiar Jurisdiction Sturminster Marshall

 

Parish Mapperton Peculiar Jurisdiction Dean

 

Parish Milton Abbas (Bristol) Peculiar Jurisdiction Milton Abbas

 

Parish Motcombe, in Gillingham Peculiar Jurisdiction Gillingham

 

Parish Netherbury Peculiar Jurisdiction Prebend of Netherbury in Ecclesia

 

Parish Oborne Peculiar Jurisdiction Dean

 

Parish Poole (Bristol) Peculiar Jurisdiction Great Canford and Poole

 

Parish Preston Peculiar Jurisdiction Prebend of Preston

 

Parish Ryme Intrinsica Peculiar Jurisdiction Dean

 

Parish Sherborne Peculiar Jurisdiction Dean

 

Parish Stockwood Peculiar Jurisdiction Dean

 

Parish Stourpaine Peculiar Jurisdiction Dean and Chapter

 

Parish Stratton Peculiar Jurisdiction Dean

 

Parish Sturminster Marshall (Bristol) Peculiar Jurisdiction Sturminster Marshall

 

Parish Sutton Poyntz, in Preston Peculiar Jurisdiction Prebend of Preston

 

Parish Thornford Peculiar Jurisdiction Dean

 

Parish Turner's Puddle Peculiar Jurisdiction Dean

 

Parish Wambrook (now in Somerset) Peculiar Jurisdiction Prebend of Chardstock

 

Parish Wimborne Minster (Bristol) Peculiar Jurisdiction Wimborne Minster

 

Parish Winterborne Kingston Peculiar Jurisdiction Dean

 

Parish Winterborne Tomson Peculiar Jurisdiction Dean

 

Parish Woolland (Bristol) Peculiar Jurisdiction Milton Abbas

 

Parish Wootton, North Peculiar Jurisdiction Dean

 

Parish Yetminster Peculiar Jurisdiction Prebend of Yetminster and Grimstone

 

Wiltshire

 

Parish Alderbury Peculiar Jurisdiction Treasurer

 

Parish Baydon Peculiar Jurisdiction Dean

 

Parish Bedwyn, Great Peculiar Jurisdiction Lord Warden of Savernake Forest

 

Parish Bedwyn, Little Peculiar Jurisdiction Lord Warden of Savernake Forest

 

Parish Berwick Bassett Peculiar Jurisdiction Prebend of Calne

 

Parish Bishopstone, North Wiltshire Peculiar Jurisdiction Prebend of Bishopstone

 

Parish Blackland Peculiar Jurisdiction Prebend of Calne

 

Parish Blunsdon, Broad, in Highworth Peculiar Jurisdiction Prebend of Highworth

 

Parish Bramshaw (now in Hampshire) Peculiar Jurisdiction Dean and Chapter

 

Parish Bratton, in Westbury Peculiar Jurisdiction Precentor

 

Parish Britford Peculiar Jurisdiction Dean and Chapter

 

Parish Burbage Peculiar Jurisdiction Prebend of Hurstbourne and Burbage

 

Parish Calne Peculiar Jurisdiction Prebend of Calne (Treasurer's Peculiar)

 

Parish Cannings, Bishop's Peculiar Jurisdiction Dean and Chapter

 

Parish Cherhill Peculiar Jurisdiction Prebend of Calne (Treasurer's Peculiar)

 

Parish Chute Peculiar Jurisdiction Prebend of Chute and Chisenbury

 

Parish Collingbourne Ducis Peculiar Jurisdiction Lord Warden of Savernake Forest

 

Parish Coombe Bissett Peculiar Jurisdiction Prebend of Coombe and Harnham

 

Parish Deverill, Hill Peculiar Jurisdiction Dean

 

Parish Dilton, in Westbury Peculiar Jurisdiction Precentor

 

Parish Durnford Peculiar Jurisdiction Prebend of Durnford

 

Parish Farley Peculiar Jurisdiction Treasurer

 

Parish Figheldean Peculiar Jurisdiction Treasurer

 

Parish Harnham, West Peculiar Jurisdiction Prebend of Coombe and Harnham

 

Parish Heytesbury Peculiar Jurisdiction Dean

 

Parish Highworth Peculiar Jurisdiction Prebend of Highworth

 

Parish Homington Peculiar Jurisdiction Dean and Chapter

 

Parish Horningsham Peculiar Jurisdiction Dean

 

Parish Knook Dean

 

Parish Marston, South, in Highworth Peculiar Jurisdiction Prebend of Highworth

 

Parish Mere Peculiar Jurisdiction Dean

 

Parish Netheravon Peculiar Jurisdiction Prebend of Netheravon

 

Parish Ogbourne St. Andrew Peculiar Jurisdiction Dean and Canons of Windsor

 

Parish Ogbourne St. George Peculiar Jurisdiction Dean and Canons of Windsor

 

Parish Pitton Peculiar Jurisdiction Treasurer

 

Parish Ramsbury Peculiar Jurisdiction Dean

 

Parish Salisbury, Cathedral Close Peculiar Jurisdiction Dean

 

Parish Sevenhampton, in Highworth Peculiar Jurisdiction Prebend of Highworth

 

Parish Shalbourne (formerly partly in Berkshire) Peculiar Jurisdiction Dean and Canons of Windsor

 

Parish Southbroom, in Bishop's Cannings Peculiar Jurisdiction Dean and Chapter

 

Parish Staverton, in Trowbridge Peculiar Jurisdiction Trowbridge

 

Parish Swallowcliffe Peculiar Jurisdiction Dean

 

Parish Trowbridge Peculiar Jurisdiction Trowbridge

 

Parish Tytherington, in Heytesbury Peculiar Jurisdiction Dean

 

Parish Westbury Peculiar Jurisdiction Precentor

 

Parish Wilsford (with Lake) Peculiar Jurisdiction Prebend of Wilsford and Woodford

 

Parish Winterbourne Dauntsey Peculiar Jurisdiction Prebend of Chute and Chisenbury

 

Parish Woodford Peculiar Jurisdiction Prebend of Wilsford and Woodford

Subjects:
  • Religious institutions
Creator Names:
  • Church of England, Diocese of Salisbury
Related Material:
  • Records of Diocesan Societies, Associations and Organisations deposited as other accessions in the Record Office:

     

    Diocesan Guild of Ringers 2296

     

    Salisbury Theological College 2308

     

    Warminster St. Denys' Convent 2969

     

    Warminster St. Boniface's College 1673

     

    Sarum St. Michael Teacher Training College 1585

     

    Diocesan Organists' Association: Trowbridge, Devizes and District Branch 3348

Link to NRA Record:

Sharing will require cookies. Show details

Found an error?

If you find an error with this record description let us know

Fields marked with * are mandatory.

Your details

If you provide your details, we will contact you within 10 working days if we cannot act on your suggestion