Catalogue of the papers and correspondence of EDWARD ARTHUR MILNE, FRS (1896-1950)
|Title:||Catalogue of the papers and correspondence of EDWARD ARTHUR MILNE, FRS (1896-1950)|
SECTION A BIOGRAPHICAL AND PERSONAL CSAC 102.6.84/A.1-A.21
CSAC 102.6.84/A.1 - CSAC 102.6.84/A.4 Obituary notices and tributes
CSAC 102.6.84/A.5 - CSAC 102.6.84/A.21 Personal and family
SECTION B LECTURES AND PAPERS CSAC 102.6.84/B.1 - CSAC 102.6.84/B.10
SECTION C NOTES AND DRAFTS CSAC 102.6.84/C.1 - CSAC 102.6.84/C.58
CSAC 102.6.84/C.1 - CSAC 102.6.84/C.27 Thermodynamics
CSAC 102.6.84/C.28 - CSAC 102.6.84/C.51 Statistical Mechanics
CSAC 102.6.84/C.52 - CSAC 102.6.84/C.57 Relativity
CSAC 102.6.84/C.58 Milne's statistical problem
SECTION D CORRESPONDENCE CSAC 102.6.84/D.1 - CSAC 102.6.84/D.70
Milne died suddenly, away from home, in 1950 at the relatively early age of fifty-four. He had been twice widowed and had three still young children. In these circumstances there were more urgent tasks than the care of his papers, and the present collection assembled after considerable lapse of time has many gaps. In particular, there is little record of Milne's overseas travel for research and conferences or of his committee and editorial work, while the surviving correspondence, interesting though it is, is clearly no more than a fraction of the original corpus.
The lecture notes and drafts in Sections B and C indicate the range of Milne's mathematical and astrophysical interests reasonably well, if not as fully as could be wished. Perhaps the main interest is to be found in the correspondence. The letters to his parents and brother in Section A are revealing of his personality as well as of his work as a young man in the First World War. The letters to Chandrasekhar in Section D, while mainly on technical subjects and especially Milne's growing belief in his theory of kinematic relativity also contain many insights into his family life, bereavements, and daily struggles. There is clearly to be seen in both these sequences of correspondence Milne's deep love for Trinity College, Cambridge, whose traditions and ceremonies he accepted wholeheartedly and took part in whenever he could.
|Held by:||Oxford University: Bodleian Library, Special Collections, not available at The National Archives|
|Extent:||11 boxes, ca 160 items|
Milne was a distinguished mathematician and one of the founders of modern theoretical astrophysics.
Educated at Hymers College, Hull, and Trinity College, Cambridge, he became Assistant Director of the Solar Physics Observatory, Cambridge (1920), Beyer Professor of Applied Mathematics at Manchester (1925-28) and the first holder of the Rouse Ball Professorship at Oxford (1928-50). Milne served in both World Wars, on ballistics and sound-ranging at the Anti-Aircraft Experimental Station at Portsmouth 1916-18 (holding an R.N.V.R. Commission), and for the Ministry of Supply at the Ordnance Board as a 'Key Scientist' for much of the Second World War (1939-44).
W.H. McCrea, in his memoir of Milne for the Royal Society, distinguishes three principal phases in Milne's work: atmospheric problems in astrophysics (1920-29), stellar structure (1929-35) and the discovery and development of kinematic relativity (from 1932). Other topics on which he wrote and lectured include thermodynamics, statistical mechanics and pulsating stars.
An annual Milne lecture was founded under the auspices of Wadham College, Oxford, the first being given in 1978.
|Immediate Source Of Acquisition:||
Compiled by Jeannine Alton and Peter Harper
The work of the Contemporary Scientific Archives Centre, and the production of this catalogue, are made possible by the support of the following societies and institutions:
The Biochemical Society
The Charles Babbage Foundation for the History of Information Processing
The Institute of Physics
The Institution of Electrical Engineers
The Institution of Mechanical Engineers
The Nuffield Foundation
The Rhodes Trustees
The Royal Society of London
The Wolfson Foundation
Professor D.G. Kendall, FRS, and Dr. J. Hendry gave helpful advice on the identification and description of some of Milne's notes and drafts.
Professor K. Hufbauer kindly made available his own reference list of locations of additional correspondence now included at CSAC 102.6.84/D.1."
|Link to NRA Record:|