ARCHIVE OF THE FREWEN FAMILY OF BRICKWALL IN NORTHIAM

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This record is held by East Sussex Record Office

Details of ARCHIVE OF THE FREWEN FAMILY OF BRICKWALL IN NORTHIAM
Title: ARCHIVE OF THE FREWEN FAMILY OF BRICKWALL IN NORTHIAM
Reference: FRE
Description:

The Frewen archive provides a representative record of the history of a landed family from the 17th century until the death of Colonel Edward Frewen in 1919. Unfortunately however, very little relating to the public life of the early Frewens has survived, and even less relating to the early Turners. This deficit is to some extent made good by an interesting selection of early accounts and memoranda (FRE/519-527), by several full series of Frewen and Turner correspondence, by the manuscripts of the Rev John Frewen and Archbishop Accepted Frewen, as well as by the important correspondence and papers of the Jeake family of Rye (For pedigree of the family, see SAC 13 pp 78-79). The early political and religious tracts (FRE/1054-1126), which may also have belonged to the Jeake family, are also of great interest.

 

The 13th - 16th century deeds relating to Northiam, Beckley and Brede (FRE/6895-7011) are a useful source of local data and have been listed by the Historical Manuscripts Commission (FRE/932). Regrettably, however, very few manorial records have survived. The management of both the Sussex and Leicestershire estates is well documented, and especially the 19th century management of the Sussex estate. This is a result of the assiduous care of Thomas [IV] Frewen of Brickwall (d 1870) who filed his own correspondence and papers, as well as researching into and listing the more important records of his forbears, thus helping to preserve them for posterity.

Date: 1291 - 1922
Held by: East Sussex Record Office, not available at The National Archives
Arrangement:

Family

 

1-3 Pedigrees; 1855-1880

 

4-27 Marriage settlements (main line); 1656-1847

 

28-42 Marriage settlements (subsidiary branches); 1722-1839

 

43-50 Marriage settlements (miscellaneous); 1719-1897

 

51-157 Wills; 1576-1864

 

158-165 Letters of administration; 1669-1845

 

166-282 Executorship and administration papers; 1628-1904

 

283-312 Estate: abstracts of title and schedules of deeds relating to the family estates; [1587]-1886

 

313-324 Estate: papers concerning family investments; 1720-1897

 

325-337 Estate: trustees estate accounts and general papers; 1738-1914

 

338-341 Estate: papers relating to the Lincolnshire estate; 1640-c1750

 

342-345 Estate: papers relating to the estate at Brafferton, Boroughbridge, Yorkshire; c1693-1703

 

346-361 Estate: papers concerning alterations and repairs to properties; 1781-1786

 

362-369 Conveyances and settlements: sales of estate; 1617-1762

 

370-379 Conveyances and settlements: miscellaneous settlements; 1649-1798

 

380-384 Conveyances and settlements: settlement of the Brickwall estate; 1752-1842

 

385-393 Conveyances and settlements: papers concerning the financial affairs of Thomas [II] and Thomas [III] Frewen, sale of timber and lettings of the Brickwall estate; 1717-1778

 

394-415 Conveyances and settlements: various financial transactions; 1702-1863

 

416-418 Conveyances and settlements: charitable trusts; 1847-1848

 

419 Mortgages: Manor of Goatley by Thomas [I] Frewen; 1692

 

420-426 Mortgages: undertaken by Sir Edward Frewen of Brickwall; 1708-1713

 

427-435 Mortgages: undertaken by Thomas [II] Frewen of Brickwall; 1719-1737

 

436-449 Mortgages: undertaken by Thomas [III] Frewen of Brickwall and his mother Martha Frewen; 1743-1751

 

450-454 Mortgages: undertaken by the trustees of the Brickwall estate; 1764-1774

 

455-465 Law suits: miscellaneous case papers; 1697-1885

 

466-477 Law suits: litigation entered by Thomas [IV] Frewen of Brickwall; 1838-1869

 

478-490 Law suits: legal bills and accounts; 1771-1882

 

491-499 Miscellaneous early deeds: deeds of the Frewen family; 1591-1666

 

500-518 Miscellaneous early deeds: deeds of the Turner family; 1622-1696

 

Personal

 

519-542 Account books; c1582-c1900

 

543-591 Other accounts; 1642-1914

 

592-597 Papers of the Rev John Frewen (d 1628); 1587-1612

 

598-605 Papers of the Rev Accepted Frewen (1588-1664), Archbishop of York; c1612-1660

 

606-615 Papers of the Jeake family of Rye; 1558-c1700

 

616-621 Other papers; 1643-1670

 

622-684 Papers of John Frewen of Lincoln's Inn (1672-1733) including case papers in More v Greenhill, Crowe v Elliott and various deeds; 1696-1731

 

685-692 Papers of the Rev John Frewen of Sapcote (1677-1735); c1640-1730

 

693-694 Papers of Thomas [II] Frewen of Brickwall (1687-1738); c1700-1752

 

695-698 Papers of Thomas Frewen of Northiam, attorney (1691-1767); 1711-1752

 

699-702 Papers of the Rev John Frewen of Guestling (1702-1743); 1725-1736

 

703 Papers of Selina Turner of Cold Overton (1686-1770); c1750

 

704-705 Papers of Thomas [III] Frewen of Brickwall (1716-1766); 1686-1763

 

706-713 Papers of the Rev Thomas Frewen [Turner] of Sapcote (1708-1791); 1731-1800

 

714-734 Papers of Dr Edward Frewen of Robertsbridge (1709-1787); 1718-1785

 

735-740 Papers of the Rev Stanley Burrough of Sapcote, formerly head of Rugby School (1725-1807); 1761-1780

 

741-770 Papers of Colonel John Frewen [Turner] of Cold Overton Hall (1755-1829); 1769-1805

 

771-778 Papers of the Rev Edward Frewen of Frating-cum-Thorrington, Essex (1744-1831); 1767-c1800

 

779-787 Papers of Mary Frewen of Brickwall (1753-1811); 1733-1810

 

787-878 Papers of Thomas [IV] Frewen of Brickwall (1811-1870); c1820-1869

 

879-1017 Papers of Colonel Edward Frewen of Brickwall (1850-1919); 1823-1920

 

1018-1053 Other personal papers; c1648-1937

 

1054-1126 Printed material; 1623-1831

 

Correspondence

 

Correspondence - Frewen and Turner families

 

1127-1129 Letters to John Turner of Fulham, merchant (d 1669); 1643-1665

 

1130-1134 Letters to Richard Turner; 1694-1695

 

1135-1140 Letters to Henry Turner of Cold Overton, Sergeant-at-law (1657-1724); 1683-1719

 

1141-1142 Letters from Henry Turner; 1707-1713

 

1143-1147 Letters concerning Henry Turner; 1700-1731

 

1148-1159 Letters to John Turner of Cold Overton (1691-1753); 1711-1752

 

1160-1162 Letters to Selina Turner of Cold Overton (1686-1770); 1749-1757

 

1163-1164 Letters to Thomas [I] Frewen of Brickwall (1630-1702); 1698-1700

 

1165-1172 Letters to Thomas [III] Frewen of Brickwall (1716-1766); 1742-1758

 

1173-1176 Letters from Thomas [III] Frewen; 1758-1766

 

1177 Letters to Mrs Rachel Frewen of Stanford, Berkshire (1675-1752); 1700 x 1708

 

1178-1180 Letters to the Rev John Frewen of Sapcote (1677-1735); 1715-1735

 

1181-1236 Letters to the Rev Thomas Frewen [Turner] of Sapcote (1708-1791); 1750-1787

 

1237-1268 Letters to Thomas Frewen of Church House, Northiam (1691-1767); 1727-c1760

 

1269 Letters from Thomas Frewen; 1739

 

1270-1305 Letters to the Rev Thankful Frewen of Northiam (1699-1749); 1714-1742

 

1306-1307 Letters from the Rev John Frewen of Sapcote, Leicestershire (1677-1735); 1718-1722

 

1308 Letter to Thomas Frewen of Rye, surgeon (1704-1790); 1739

 

1309-1396 Letters to Laton Frewen [Turner] of Brafferton Hall, Brafferton, Yorkshire (1694-1727); 1735-1770

 

1397-1398 Letters from Laton Frewen [Turner]; 1766-1770

 

Correspondence - Colonel John Frewen [Turner - surname assumed after 1791] of Cold Overton Hall, Leicestershire (1755-1829)

 

1399-2150 General correspondence; 1773-1814

 

2151 Copy out-letters; 1781-1789

 

2152-2350 Letters from Mary Frewen; 1780-1811

 

2351-2384 Letters from the Rev Robert Thomlinson of Hambleton, Rutland; 1800-1810

 

2385-2401 Letters from the Rev Stanley Burrough of Sapcote (1725-1807); 1779-1806

 

2402-2451 Letters from George Bell of Topcliffe, Yorkshire; 1784-1804

 

2452-2536 Letters from William James Thompson; 1797-1813

 

2537-2566 Letters from William Ades of Oakham, Rutland, attorney; 1797-1810

 

2567-2658 Letters from Dr Thomas Bishopp of Leicester,MD (1771-); 1792-1811

 

2659-2693 Letters to and from the Rev John Bishopp of Copdock, Suffolk (1780-1856); 1801-1808

 

2694-2779 Letters from Robert Simpkin; 1807-1814

 

Correspondence - Mary Frewen

 

2780-2845 Correspondence; 1773-1811

 

Correspondence - Thomas Frewen [IV] of Brickwall

 

2846-2982 General correspondence; 1829-1870

 

2983-3010 Letters concerning the erection of Trinity Church, Leicester; 1836-1839

 

3011-3840 Correspondence with William Nanson of Middlesex (formerly of Carlisle), solicitor; 1832-1863

 

3841-4001 Letters from Edward W James of Ely Place, London, solicitor; 1863-1870

 

4002-4170 Other letters; 1836-1868

 

Correspondence - Colonel Edward Frewen

 

4171-4174 Letters from his mother Helen Louisa Frewen; 1854-1885

 

4175-4179 Letters from his brothers Moreton and Richard Frewen; 1868-1911

 

4180-4181 Letters from his brother and sister Stephen Frewen and Anne Louisa Frewen, and his half-sisters Eleanor Carter and Selina Powel; 1860-1877

 

4182-4183 Letters from his wife, Anne (née Byng); 1873-1875

 

4184-4186 Letters from his grand mother Eleanor Frewen Turner, his uncle Charles Hay Frewen, and his cousins John, Selina Mabelle and Robert Frewen Martin; 1853, 1870-1920

 

4187-4189 Letters (also to Mrs Frewen) from his sons Thomas and Edward Laton Frewen, and his grandchildren Reginald and John Frewen; 1893-1922

 

4190-4199 General correspondence from friends and acquaintances, beginning with his childhood and school correspondence, sporting and political interests, military career; 1855-1919

 

4200-4202 Correspondence as a member of the Sussex Registration Society concerning the Parliamentary elections; 1872-1905

 

4203-4213 Business correspondence; 1866-1920

 

Correspondence - Anne Frewen

 

4214-4222 Letters from her husband Edward Frewen; 1906-1918

 

Correspondence - Jeake and associated families

 

4223 Volume of correspondence of John Peerson, Ann Jeake (née Peerson) and Samuel Jeake the elder; 1589-1675

 

4224-4779 Letters to Samuel Jeake the elder (1623-1690); 1659-1684

 

4780-4796 Draft, copy and shorthand letters of Samuel Jeake the elder; 1661-c1672

 

4797-4813 Papers found with the correspondence of Samuel Jeake the elder; 1663-c1681

 

4814-5249 Letters to Samuel Jeake the younger; 1664-1686

 

5250-5262 Papers found with the letters of Samuel Jeake the younger; c1672-c1850

 

5263-5300 Letters to Samuel Jeake the younger's mother-in-law, Barbara Hartshorne; 1654-1689

 

5301-5333 Letters from Samuel Jeake the younger to his wife Elizabeth; 1696-1699

 

5334-5336 Letters to Elizabeth Jeake; 1693

 

5337-5358 Letters from Elizabeth Jeake, widow to her mother Barbara Hartshorne; 1701

 

5359-5420 Miscellaneous correspondence; 1661-1748

 

5421-5634 Letters from the Rev John Allin to Dr Philip Frith and Samuel Jeake, both of Rye; 1663-1674

 

5635-5703 Miscellaneous correspondence of Dr Frith and family; 1640-1668

 

Correspondence - Jeremiah Curteis of Rye

 

5704-5721 Correspondence; 1759-1765

 

5722-5787 Correspondence; 1766

 

5788-5841 Correspondence; 1767

 

5842-6167 Correspondence; 1768

 

6168-6173 Correspondence; 1770

 

6174-6423 Correspondence; 1771

 

6424-6428 Correspondence; 1772

 

6429-6599 Correspondence; 1773-1774

 

6600-6724 Correspondence; c1767-1774

 

6725-6741 Correspondence; 1778-1799

 

6742-6759 Miscellaneous papers and correspondence; 1664-1867

 

Correspondence - other letters

 

6760 Anonymous letter; 1707

 

6761-6773 Letters from Sarah, Duchess of Marlborough to Charles Hay Frewen and others, as agents for her estate at Crowhurst in Surrey; 1718-1740

 

6774 Copies of letters of Francis Atterbury, Bishop of Rochester; 1721-1723

 

6775-6882 Correspondence of Captain David Hay, RN; 1758-1784

 

6883-6891 Miscellaneous correspondence of the Rev Stanley Burrough and various acquaintances of the Leicestershire Frewens; 1775-c1800

 

6892-6894 Copies of correspondence between John Plomley of Hole Farm, Northiam and the Rev J Durham of Beckley; 1810

 

Estate

 

Title deeds - Sussex and Kent

 

6895-6961 Pre-1600 deeds: Northiam; 1295-1588

 

6962-6986 Pre-1600 deeds: Beckley; 1338-1588

 

6987-6997 Pre-1600 deeds: Brede; 1356-1542

 

6998-7007 Pre-1600 deeds: Fairlight, Guestling, Jevington, Mountfield, Pett, Westfield; 1359-1562

 

7008-7010 Pre-1600 deeds: Goring in Oxfordshire, Swanwick, Birchwood and Somercotes in Alfreton in Derbyshire, Brede, Northiam; 1173 x 1197-c1850

 

7011 Abstract of deeds of property in Brede and Northiam, 1291-1542; 1857

 

7012-7017 Properties purchased by Stephen Frewen: Brickwall House, Manor of Brownsmith and lands, Northiam, Beckley and Brede; 1619-1666

 

7018-7020 Properties purchased by Stephen Frewen: land (52a) in Dixter Marsh, Northiam; 1637-1669

 

7021-7030 Properties purchased by Stephen Frewen: farms called Idens, Sowdens, Reasons, Sampsons, Smoles and Sherefoldes, tenement and woodground, Brede; 1653-1673

 

7031-7072 Properties purchased by Stephen Frewen: Manor of Delmonden, Hawkhurst; 1521-1641

 

7073-7079 Additions to the estate: Brede Place Estate; 1671-c1710

 

7080-7089 Additions to the estate: properties purchased in 1790 by the Rev Thomas Frewen Turner in Beckley and Northiam; 1668-1790

 

7090-7142 Additions to the estate: properties purchased in 1793 by Colonel John Frewen Turner - Blatches Farm, Northiam; 1643-1801

 

7143 Additions to the estate: properties purchased by Colonel John Frewen Turner - waste of the Rape of Hastings; 1825

 

7144-7171 Additions to the estate: properties purchased by Thomas [IV] Frewen - messuage and tanyard called Morley, Northiam; 1796-1834

 

7172-7175 Additions to the estate: properties purchased by Thomas [IV] Frewen - Common Woods Farm and part of Well-house Farm, Northiam; 1847

 

7176-7192 Additions to the estate: properties purchased by Thomas [IV] Frewen - Knelle Estate, Beckley; 1849-1851

 

7193-7196 Additions to the estate: properties purchased by Thomas [IV] Frewen - cottage and land, Brede; 1835-1842

 

7197-7203 Additions to the estate: properties purchased by Thomas [IV] Frewen - land at Broad Oak, Brede; 1782-1847

 

7204-7214 Additions to the estate: properties purchased by Thomas [IV] Frewen - exchanges and purchases of land in Brede; 1834-1845

 

7215-7223 Additions to the estate: properties purchased by Thomas [IV] Frewen - Maidlands Farm, Brede; 1716-1810

 

7224 Additions to the estate: properties purchased by Thomas [IV] Frewen - Barnax otherwise Broadnax, Beckley; 1753

 

7225-7232 Miscellaneous deeds of the Frewen and allied families: property in Newenden and Sandhurst; 1546-1601

 

7233-7249 Miscellaneous deeds of the Frewen and allied families: Hornebrook Farm in Woodchurch and Kenardington and other properties of Joseph Tucker of Rye, gent in Brenzett, Brookland, Ebony, Fairfield, High Halden; 1640-1717

 

7250-7253 Miscellaneous deeds of the Frewen and allied families: Manor of Jacques Court, Lydd mortgaged to Joseph Tucker of Rye, gent; 1628-1706

 

7254-7263 Miscellaneous deeds of the Frewen and allied families: Arlington, Icklesham, Northiam, Pevensey, Rye, Marylebone in Middlesex; 1668-1790

 

7264-7266 Miscellaneous deeds: Birchenarshe in Cowfold; 1548-1694

 

7267-7271 Miscellaneous deeds: properties in Rye; 1607-1679

 

7272-7276 Miscellaneous deeds: properties in Bexhill, Chiddingly, Hooe, Rodmell, Udimore; 1609-1672

 

7277-7279 Miscellaneous deeds: Boarders in Burwash and Etchingham; 1683-1698

 

7280-7288 Miscellaneous deeds: properties in Eastbourne, Iden, Jevington, Mayfield, Ringmer, Ticehurst, Wadhurst, Westfield; 1700-1780

 

7289-7291 Miscellaneous deeds: copy petition and two bonds relating to the Sewer Commissioners of the Upper Levels of the Rother; c1700-1725

 

7292 Miscellaneous deeds: map of West-house, Chaffields and Whiteland in Warnham; 1756

 

7293-7294 Miscellaneous deeds: mortgage of tolls on the Vinehall to Rye turnpike; 1771-1807

 

7295-7303 Miscellaneous deeds: properties in Cranbrook, Greenwich, Hawkhurst, Marden, Stone and Tenterden in Kent, will of John Baily of Speldhurst; 1639-1698

 

Sussex estate

 

7304-7320 Rentals and valuations; 1694-1915

 

7321-7364 Accounts; 1690-1914

 

7365-7448 Bills and vouchers; 1705-1889

 

7449-7534 Leases; 1693-1908

 

7535-7982 Correspondence; 1739-1912

 

7983-7993 Estate maps; 1641-1865

 

7994-8009 Printed and other maps; 1788-1909

 

8010-8036 Woods: surveys and accounts; 1722-1921

 

8037-8055 Woods: sale of timber and underwood; 1711-1914

 

8056-8062 Brickwall House: accounts; 1748-1897

 

8063-8085 Brickwall House: inventories; c1740-1909

 

8086-8101 Brickwall House: other papers; c1700-1913

 

8102-8106 Manorial; 1735-1872

 

8107 Steward's working papers: Thomas Pix; 1780-1796

 

8108-8112 Steward's working papers: George Bishopp; 1819-1835

 

8113-8125 Steward's working papers: Aaron Pinyon; 1833-1859

 

8126-8150 Steward's working papers: Thomas Burnett Ayerst and Charles Burnett Ayerst; 1862-1918

 

8151-8163 Other papers: general; 1727-1917

 

8164-8176 Other papers: sale particulars; 1836-1897

 

8177-8197 Other papers: parochial and public concerns; 1700-1917

 

Title deeds - Leicestershire

 

8198-8267 Cold Overton and Sapcote estates: Manor of Sapcote and Manor of Cold Overton; 1544-1771

 

8268-8271 Cold Overton and Sapcote estates: Cold Overton Park; 1640-1718

 

8272-8283 Cold Overton and Sapcote estates: closes called Cooksons and Yardwells, land called the New Meadow, part of the Great Ground, Cold Overton; 1689-1721

 

8284-8297 Cold Overton and Sapcote estates: mortgages; 1647-1728

 

8298-8312 Cold Overton and Sapcote estates: case papers in St John v Turner; 1655-1700

 

8313-8341 Cold Overton and Sapcote estates: assignments of debt in St John v Turner; 1646-1700

 

8342-8350 Cold Overton and Sapcote estates: other papers in St John v Turner; 1658-1730

 

8351-8417 Additions to the estate: closes of land, Cold Overton; 1642-1827

 

8418-8439 Additions to the estate: Manor of Knossington, Rutland; 1743-1830

 

8440-8457 Additions to the estate: parcels of land, Knossington; 1728-1856

 

8458-8468 Additions to the estate: Rickelbarrow Hill, Knossington and Owston; 1697-1825

 

8469-8477 Additions to the estate: parcel of land near the Hospital and parcel of land called the Homestead or the Grass Yard, Knossington; 1759-1827

 

8478-8497 Additions to the estate: messuage and land, Knossington; [1746]-1833

 

8498-8510 Additions to the estate: Manor of Whissendine and Manor of Teigh; 1677-1836

 

8511-8531 Additions to the estate: messuages, kiln, malting rooms and land, Sapcote; 1672-1803

 

8532-8543 Additions to the estate: cottage and premises, Sapcote; 1675-1778

 

8544-8548 Additions to the estate: messuage and land, Sapcote; 1683-1762

 

8549-8569 Additions to the estate: cottage and land, Sapcote; 1688-1719

 

8570-8589 Additions to the estate: messuage, malting office and premises, Sapcote; 1711-1804

 

8590-8612 Additions to the estate: messuage and land, Sapcote; 1723-1780

 

8613 Number not used

 

8614-8621 Additions to the estate: messuage and land, Sapcote; 1734-1810

 

8622-8627 Additions to the estate: cottage and land, Sapcote; 1739-1775

 

8628-8631 Additions to the estate: part of a messuage and land, Sapcote; 1740-1783

 

8632-8648 Additions to the estate: messuage divided into two dwellings and a newly built messuage, Sapcote; 1743-c1800

 

8649-8673 Additions to the estate: messuage and land, Sapcote and Stoney Stanton; 1750-1816

 

8674-8680 Additions to the estate: dwelling house, Sapcote; 1762-1779

 

8681-8689 Additions to the estate: cottage and yard, Sapcote; 1763-1848

 

8690-8695 Additions to the estate: messuages and closes, Sapcote and Stoney Stanton; 1782-1806

 

8696 Additions to the estate: cottage and garden, Sapcote; 1797

 

8697-8724 Additions to the estate: closes called Hob's Acre, Sapcote and various properties in Stoney Stanton; [1773]-c1850

 

8725-8739 Additions to the estate: cottage and land, Stoney Stanton and Potters Marston; 1692-1786

 

8740-8756 Additions to the estate: messuage and land, Stoney Stanton and Sharnford; 1696-1732

 

8757-8764 Additions to the estate; land, Sharnford; 1765-c1830

 

Leicestershire estate

 

8765-8786 Rentals and valuations: general series; 1674-1915

 

8787-8804 Rentals and valuations: memoranda and particulars; c1500-c1900

 

8805-8824 Accounts: general; 1665-1917

 

8825-8835 Accounts: miscellaneous accounts; 1763-1917

 

8836-8861 Accounts: bills and vouchers; 1665-1870

 

8862-8967 Leases; 1672-1778

 

8968-8997 Correspondence: various early letters; 1670-1717

 

8998-9228 Correspondence: letters from William Spencer, agent of the Sapcote Estate to Colonel John Frewen; 1790-1814

 

9229-9310 Correspondence: general estate correspondence; 1837-1860

 

9311 Number not used

 

9312-9363 Correspondence: letters from Thomas Spencer, estate agent to Thomas [IV] Frewen; 1857-1860

 

9364-9409 Correspondence: letters from Joshua Spencer, estate agent to Thomas [IV] Frewen; 1860-1864

 

9410-9504 Correspondence: letters from William Spencer, estate agent to Thomas [IV] Frewen; 1864-1870

 

9505-9524 Correspondence: purchase of the advowson of Stoney Stanton; 1860

 

9525-9590 Correspondence: general estate correspondence; 1862-1870

 

9591-9627 Correspondence: letters to Thomas [IV] Frewen concerning the search for coal at Sapcote; 1864-1870

 

9628-9631 Correspondence: letters concerning the erection of cottages at the brickyard, Sapcote; 1874

 

9632-9637 Maps and plans; 1764-c1900

 

9638-9672 Cold Overton Hall; 1684-1902

 

9673-9677 Other records: sale particulars; c1845-1916

 

9678-9704 Other records: parochial and public concerns; 1727-c1900

 

9705-9713 Other records: general; 1713-1879

Language: English
Extent: 65 series
Administrative History:

The earliest recorded Frewens lived in Worcestershire in the Fifteenth and Sixteenth Centuries (Detailed family memoirs compiled by Thomas [IV] Frewen are extant (FRE/826-833), A L Frewen History of Brickwall (1909), FRE/52-55). The Sussex branch of the family was founded by the Rev John Frewen (d 1628) who came to Northiam in 1583 as rector on the presentment of his father, Richard Frewen of Ripple, Worcestershire (d 1584), who had recently purchased the advowson of the parish (DNB and M A Lower The Worthies of Sussex pp 49-52). The Rev John Frewen raised a large family there, probably living at first in the house called 'Carriers' (VCH 9 p 272), and subsequently at Church House, Northiam (I Nairn and N Pevsner The Buildings of England: Sussex p 574). He was a notable puritan, and author of theological works (FRE/592-596). His eldest son, Accepted Frewen (d 1664), also became an eminent theologian and Royalist, and was confirmed as Archbishop of York in 1660 at the Restoration of Charles II (DNB and M A Lower The Worthies of Sussex pp 49-52). The Rev John Frewen's third surviving son, John, succeeded his father as rector of Northiam and he and his descendants continued in residence at Church House (Among them, Thomas Frewen, MD, 1704-1791, see DNB). It was the fourth surviving son, Stephen (d 1679), who, on the profits of his trade as a skinner, purchased Brickwall House in 1666, together with considerable adjoining lands in Northiam and Beckley, and further consolidated the estate in 1671 by the purchase of lands in the nearby parish of Brede (FRE/521 p 166, FRE/826-833, FRE/521 pp 414-415, FRE/7021-7030). He also owned the Manor of Delmonden in Hawkhurst, Kent, drew rent from several houses in London, and in addition had recently purchased a large estate at Bonby, Lincolnshire. This estate and the Manor of Delmonden remained in the Frewen family until c1750 when they were sold off to help pay for the family debts (FRE/341, 368).

 

Brickwall House was erected by the White family of Northiam, probably in the Sixteenth Century (A L Frewen History of Brickwall (1909) pp 58-59, VCH 9 p 269, I Nairn and N Pevsner The Buildings of England; Sussex p 574-575, FRE/6947, 6953). It was the Frewen home for five generations until the death of Thomas [III] Frewen in 1766. He and his father had incurred considerable debts on the estate and its management accordingly had been placed in the hands of trustees (FRE/38-393). Thomas [III] Frewen was, however, heir to the Leicestershire estate of his uncle, John Turner (d 1753), so that when he to died childless in 1766, both the Sussex and the Leicestershire estates passed to his cousin, Laton Frewen of Brafferton, Yorkshire (FRE/9691). He also died childless, in 1777, whereupon his cousin, the Rev Thomas Frewen of Sapcote, Leicestershire, took up the inheritance as well as the additional surname Turner and moved to the family seat of Cold Overton Hall. After his death in 1791, his son, Colonel John Frewen Turner, continued to live there and also to lead an active public life in Leicestershire (His correspondence (FRE/1399-2151, 8998-9228) shows that he was a benefactor of the parish of Sapcote, as well as an investor in roads, canals and other schemes in Leicestershire), but in 1805 Brickwall House saw the end of a succession of absentee owners when Mary Frewen came from Leicestershire to live there. Her letters to her brother John (FRE/2152-2350) written from 1805 until her death in 1811 show a lively interest in the upkeep of the house and a humane concern for the people of Northiam.

 

Brickwall regained a squire in 1836 when Thomas [IV] Frewen (He dropped the surname Turner on discovering it was no longer necessary to secure the inheritance of the Leicestershire estate), son of Colonel John Frewen Turner, made his home there, while his mother Eleanor Frewen Turner remained at Cold Overton Hall until her death in 1879 (Cold Overton Hall was disposed of by the family c1904). Thomas Frewen became MP for south Leicestershire in 1835 but abandoned his political career for health reasons. He subsequently interested himself in his family history (FRE/826-833), in editing the theological works of his forebear, the Rev John Frewen (FRE/811-819), and in writing his own (FRE/798-810), as well as in consolidating the family estates, depleted as they were through the financial difficulties of the previous century. It was he who built the Frewen Mausoleum attached to Northiam church (FRE/467-471) and carried out many embellishments to Brickwall House and grounds. But he did not neglect his Leicestershire interests, and was responsible for the erection of Trinity Church, Leicester, 1836-1839 (FRE/2983-3010), and the Stanley Burrough Almshouses at Sapcote, 1849 (FRE/416, 2942).

 

On Thomas Frewen's death in 1870, his eldest son by his second marriage, Colonel Edward Frewen (1850-1919) succeeded to the Sussex and Leicestershire estates and continued in residence at Brickwall. Far more robust than his father, he was a sportsman and master of the Sussex Hunt (FRE/887-893). He enjoyed an active military career, serving the Boer War, and in the First World War (FRE/879-886). His descendants continue to own Brickwall House.

Subjects:
  • Northiam, Sussex
  • Northiam, East Sussex
  • Sapcote, Leicestershire
  • Cold Overton, Leicestershire
Creator Names:
  • Frewen family of Brickwall, Northiam, East Sussex
  • Turner family of Cold Overton, East Sussex
Link to NRA Record:

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