Catalogue description Great Western Railway

This record is held by Wiltshire and Swindon History Centre

Details of 2515
Reference: 2515
Title: Great Western Railway

Papers of the London, Newbury and Bath (Direct) Railway, Great Western Railway Miscellaneous agreements and Great Western Railway and British Rail/Western Region property surveys.


Collection consists of three sub-Fonds:


2515/002 London, Newbury and Bath (Direct) Railway


2515/210 Great Western Railway Miscellaneous agreements


2515/250 Great Western Railway and British Rail/Western Region property surveys.


Together the collection totals 3608 files.

Date: 1843 - 2000
Held by: Wiltshire and Swindon History Centre, not available at The National Archives
Language: English

Great Western Railway Company, 1843 - 2000

Physical description: 3 Sub fonds
  • Railway transport
Administrative / biographical background:

The Great Western Railway Company was incorporated by the Great Western Railway Act of 31st August, 1835. The Act of Incorporation authorised a Railway from Bristol (Temple Mead) to a junction with London and Birmingham Railway (afterwards incorporated in London and North Western Railway) in the Parish of Hammersmith, with branches to Bradford (Wilts) and Trowbridge.


A further Act, the Great Western Railway Act, 3rd July 1837, authorised the extension to Paddington in lieu of a junction with the London and Birmingham Railway.


Opening took place in stages; from Paddington to Maidenhead on 4th June 1838, to Reading on 30th March 1840 and throughout to Bristol on 30th June 1841.


The company retained its name at the grouping of railway companies in 1923, amalgamating with or absorbing a number of smaller companies up to that date.


The Great Western Railway ceased to exist at the end of 1947, forming the bulk of the nationalised British Railways/Western Region, that name to be later shortened to British Rail.

Link to NRA Record:

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