Settlements and Trusts
- Abstracts of title
- Pre-1500 title deeds, etc.
- Post-1500 title deeds, etc., arranged by county
- Surveys, particulars and valuations
- Vouchers to account and papers relating to repairs and new building
- Correspondence, memoranda, notes and reports
- Maps and plans
- Sale particulars
Family, Personal and Household
- Whetham House
- Diaries and travel
- Education and children
- Accounts and financial
- Clubs and organizations
- James Stoughton Money-Kyrle (1813-1852)
- Chancellor of the Exchequer
- Regular Army
Pedigree and genealogy
SOME NOTEWORTHY AND UNUSUAL ITEMS IN THE COLLECTION
1. A large number of medieval deeds, the earliest dating from c.1190-1200, mostly for Wiltshire. Many were calendared in 1907 and the list published by the Historical Manuscripts Commission (1720/42 to 1720/301).
2. A lengthy, detailed probate inventory (34 feet long) of the possessions of Sir John Ernle at Whetham, his house at Burytown in Highworth, his London lodgings, and debts owed to him, 1697 (1760/691).
3. Passports used by James Money and William Money-Kyrle while travelling in Europe and the Holy Land, 1802-1862 (1720/710, 712, 715).
4. Journal kept by Audley Money-Kyrle whilst on board ship to Calcutta, 1866-1867. Includes reference to the "crossing the line" ceremony (1720/717).
5. Locks of hair of family members, preserved by William Money, 1790s/1800s (1720/721).
6. John Kyrle Ernle's journal, March to August 1712, while living at Whetham, including reference to his 30th birthday celebrations (1720/742).
7. Letters written by Edward Kyrle Money to his family in England whilst serving in the Indian army, 1826-1841 (1720/832).
8. Some early Christmas and New Year's cards, 1849-1901 (1720/846).
9. Letters written by Audley Money-Kyrle to his family, while serving with the 55th regiment in India, 1866-1878 (1720/854).
10. Papers concerning the Company of the Way, an Anglican women's association, 1920-1981 (1720/896).
11. Recipe and remedy book, early 18th century (1720/933).
12. Memoranda and 'briefing' documents relating to Sir John Ernle's positions as Privy Councillor and Chancellor of the Exchequer, 1676-1689 (1720/949 to 1720/1006).
13. Royal pedigree on parchment (over 20 feet long) with ink and colour wash sketches, showing descent from Adam to Richard III, early 17th century (1720/1104).
14. Account of life in Kiev, Russia, describing the German occupation, Bolshevik 'purges' and the efforts of the Voluntary Army, by Prince Nicholas Galitzine, 1918-1919 (1720/1130).
|Administrative / biographical background:
BRIEF SYNOPSIS OF THE DESCENT OF THE MONEY-KYRLE ESTATES
The families of Ernle and Kyrle were united in 1674 by the marriage of Sir John Ernle (c.1647-1686) of Burytown, Highworth, Wiltshire, and Vincentia Kyrle (1651-1683) of Much Marcle, Herefordshire. Sir John was the son of Sir John Ernle (c.1618-1697) of Whetham, Wiltshire, who was a Privy Councillor and served as Chancellor of the Exchequer between 1676 and 1689. The two children of the marriage were Hester (1676-1723), who married William Washbourne of Wichenford, Worcestershire, and John Kyrle Ernle (1682-1725), who married Constantia Rolt (c.1687-1755).
John Kyrle Ernle's only surviving child, Constantia (c.1717?-1753) married Thomas, Viscount Dupplin, later Lord Kinnoull (1710-1787). When Lady Dupplin died in 1753, leaving no issue, she settled her estates upon James Money, son of her first cousin, Elizabeth (nee Washbourne), who had married Francis Money of Wellingborough, Northamptonshire. A long lawsuit followed between Lord Kinnoull and his late wife's heirs.
James Money (1724-1785) inherited the Ernle and Kyrle estates of Whetham (Calne) and Homme House (Much Marcle) from his cousin Lady Dupplin in 1753. He also had property at Pitsford, Northamptonshire, and leased lands at Churcham in Gloucestershire. He pursued a military career, being a major in the 86th regiment on the island of Goree (Senegal) in 1760, a captain in Colonel Boscawen's regiment of foot in 1764, and finally a lieutenant-colonel. He married Eugenia Stoughton and their only surviving son was William Money.
William Money (1748-1808) married Mary Webster and they shared a happy and affectionate family life with their six sons and seven daughters, all but two of whom survived to adulthood. He appears to have taken a keen interest in the management of his estates, and many documents in the collection are endorsed in his characteristic handwriting. On his death, his son William described his life as having been "a long course of unequalled worth".
His eldest son James Money (1775-1843), who ended his life as Major-General Sir James Kyrle Money, succeeded to his father's estates in 1808. Like his grandfather, he chose a military career, rising from ensign (1793) to major (1804), lieutenant-colonel (1811), colonel (1825) and major-general (1838). He gave his brother William the life tenancy of the Whetham estate and assumed by royal warrant the additional surname and arms of Kyrle in 1809. His marriage to Ann Caroline Taylor was childless and when he died in 1843 the baronetcy became extinct and his estates descended to his next brother, William.
William Money (1776-1848), who ended his life as Rev. William Money-Kyrle, succeeded to his brother's estates in 1843. He assumed by royal licence the name of Kyrle in 1844. Ordained as deacon in 1799 and priest in 1801, he was rector of Yatesbury, Wiltshire, from 1801 to 1843. By his wife Emma Down he had one daughter and seven sons, four of whom are well represented in this collection, i.e. William, Edward Kyrle, John Ernle and James Stoughton. Edward Kyrle Money ('Kyrle') (1810-1841) was a lieutenant in the 2nd regiment of the Bombay Light Infantry. James Stoughton Money ('Stoughton') (1813-1852), who ended his life as James Stoughton Money-Kyrle, was interested in genealogy, archaeology and antiquities, and was a fellow of the Society of Antiquaries. In his early years, until 1835, he worked for the East India Company. Ordained as deacon in 1841 and priest in 1842, he succeeded his father as rector of Yatesbury in 1843. He seems to have had constant financial problems and he died young.
William Money (1808-1868), later called William Money-Kyrle, was his father's eldest son and heir. For a short time he appears to have practiced as a barrister of the Inner Temple. Despite suffering from ill-health, and possibly hypochondria, he travelled widely, touring Europe and the Holy Land in the mid-1840s. He was High Sheriff of Herefordshire in 1853. A bachelor, he was succeeded by his next surviving brother.
John Ernle ('Ernle') Money (1812-1894), later called John Ernle Money-Kyrle, succeeded his brother in 1868. He married firstly Harriet Louisa Sutton (d.1857) and secondly Ada Frances Simons (d.1918) and had children by both wives. He served in the 32nd regiment of foot (ensign 1833, captain 1843) and ended his military career as lieutenant-colonel. Like his brother William, he served in the Herefordshire Militia and as Deputy Lieutenant for Herefordshire.
Audley Walter Washbourne Money-Kyrle (1846-1908) succeeded to the family estates, as eldest surviving son, in 1894. He married Florence Cecilia Smith-Bosanquet (1860-1930) and left a son and two daughters. He was in India in the army (ensign 1866, lieutenant 1871), and attained the rank of major, after having served in the 55th and 19th regiments. Like his father and uncle he was Deputy Lieutenant for Herefordshire. His son Roger was only ten years old when Audley died.
Roger Ernle Money-Kyrle (1898-1980) served with the Royal Flying Corps during the Great War. He sold the Homme House estate at Much Marcle to his uncle, Rev. Cecil Leigh Money-Kyrle, in 1922. He worked for a PhD at Vienna University, where he met Sigmund Freud, and was one of the last Englishmen to be psychoanalysed by Freud himself. He set up as an analyst in London in 1950. He married Helen Juliet Rachel ('Minora') Fox and was survived by his four sons. Ernle (1923-1999), a civil engineer; Audley Francis (1925-1999), a photographer and natural historian; Roger Spencer (1928- ), a doctor; and John Middleton (1931- ), an architect.