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Osborne, family, Dukes of Leeds

This page summarises records created by this Family

The summary includes a brief description of the collection(s) (usually including the covering dates of the collection), the name of the archive where they are held, and reference information to help you find the collection.

History:

Sir Edward Osborne (d. 1592), Lord Mayor of London, acquired the Kiveton Park estate at Harthill (Yorkshire, West Riding) by marriage to the daughter and heir of Sir William Hewitt. He also owned Parsloes (Essex). His grandson Sir Edward Osborne (created a baronet in 1620) bought further Yorkshire property but sold Parsloes in 1619. Sir Thomas Osborne, 2nd Bt (d. 1712), the statesman, was created Earl of Danby in 1674, Marquess of Carmarthen in 1689 and Duke of Leeds in 1694. His additions to the family estates included the manor of Wakefield (Yorkshire, West Riding). The lordship of Conisborough (Yorkshire, West Riding), formerly owned by the Coke family of Longford (Derbyshire), was acquired in the mid-18th century. The 2nd Duke (d. 1729) married in 1682 Bridget, daughter and heir of Sir Thomas Hyde, 2nd Bt, of Aldbury (Hertfordshire). The marriage brought Hertfordshire estates (Aldbury, sold 1736 to the first Duke of Bridgewater; Tring, sold 1758; and North Mimms, sold 1799), with Wingrave (Buckinghamshire, sold 1776) and property in Dorset (sold before 1692).

The Hornby Castle (Yorkshire, North Riding) estate entered the family in 1784 on the death of Amelia, suo jure Baroness Darcy and Baroness Conyers. She was the wife of Francis Osborne (d. 1799), Marquess of Carmarthen (later 5th Duke of Leeds) and daughter and heir of the 4th Earl of Holdernesse (d. 1778). The Hornby Castle estate had descended in the Darcy family, Barons Darcy and Barons Conyers (created Earls of Holdernesse in 1682), since its acquisition through the marriage of Thomas Darcy (d. 1605) and Elizabeth, daughter and co-heir of John, Baron Conyers (d. 1557). From 1811, when Kiveton was demolished, it was the main seat of the Dukes of Leeds, although Mar Lodge (Aberdeenshire) was also acquired as a family residence in the 19th century.

In 1785, on the death of the 2nd Baron Godolphin of Helston, cousin and heir of the 2nd Earl of Godolphin (d. 1766), the entailed Godolphin family estates descended to the Marquess of Carmarthen through his mother Mary, daughter of the 2nd Earl and his wife Henrietta, suo jure Duchess of Marlborough. These consisted principally of Cornish estates near Helston, where the Godolphin family had been established since the middle ages, and the Scilly Isles (on lease from the Crown since the reign of Elizabeth I), with property in St James's Place (Middlesex), a Cambridgeshire estate (Gog Magog Hills in Stapleford, apparently bought by the 2nd Earl of Godolphin from Sir William Halton in 1734) and property in Suffolk (Newmarket, purchased by the 2nd Earl, 1730-44). Also inherited was the Baylies estate in Stoke Poges (Buckinghamshire) bought in 1718 by Henry Godolphin (d. 1738, brother of the 1st Earl, and father of the 2nd Baron), together with Farnham Royal, bought by the 2nd Baron from the Earl of Leicester in 1752 (see Coke, Earls of Leicester). The Buckinghamshire and Cambridgeshire estates were later settled on Francis Godolphin Osborne, second son of the 5th Duke of Leeds, created Baron Godolphin of Farnham Royal 1832, whose son the 2nd Baron succeeded his cousin as 8th Duke in 1859. (The Cambridgeshire estate was sold in 1885.) The Godolphin estate of Abertanat (Shropshire), with property in Denbighshire (Tanyllwyn) and Montgomeryshire (Broniarth), did not descend to the Marquess of Carmarthen but to Margaret Ormsby, the 2nd Baron Godolphin’s niece, and thence to the Ormsby Gore family, Barons Harlech.

The 6th Duke (d. 1838) bequeathed unentailed property in Yorkshire (North and West Ridings), including the manors of Wakefield and Conisborough and lands in Wales (Yorkshire, West Riding), with a mansion in St James's Square, to his son-in-law Sackville Lane-Fox (d. 1874), third son of James Lane-Fox of Bramham (Yorkshire, West Riding). In 1859, on the 7th Duke's death, Lane-Fox also succeeded to the baronies of Conyers and Darcy. This inheritance passed to his son Sackville George Lane-Fox (d. 1888), whose elder daughter, Marcia Lane-Fox (afterwards Baroness Fauconberge and Conyers), married the 4th Earl of Yarborough in 1886, subsequently bringing former Osborne property to that family (see Anderson-Pelham, Earls of Yarborough).

Extensive papers of the Dukes of Leeds were sold in 1868-9 and the remainder were dispersed on the sale of Hornby Castle in 1930. Certain Godolphin family papers passed to the Wentworth-Fitzwilliam family through the marriage of the 2nd Baron Godolphin of Helston to his second wife Anne (d. 1805), daughter of the 2nd Earl Fitzwilliam (see Wentworth-Fitzwilliam of Milton).

Estates in 1883: Yorks NR and WR 14,772 acres, Cornwall 5,911 acres, Bucks 3,117 acres, Cambs 436 acres, Middlesex 1 acre, total 24,237 acres worth £33,881 a year.

Places:
  • Scilly Isles
  • Abertanat, Shropshire
  • Aldbury, Hertfordshire
  • Barnsley, Yorkshire
  • Baylies, Buckinghamshire
  • Broniarth, Montgomeryshire
  • Conisbrough, Yorkshire
  • East Dereham, Norfolk
  • Farnham Royal, Buckinghamshire
  • Godolphin, Cornwall
  • Gog Magog Hills, Cambridgeshire
  • Harthill with Woodall, Yorkshire
  • Helford, Cornwall
  • Helston, Cornwall
  • Holborn, Middlesex
  • Hornby, Yorkshire
  • Invereshie, Inverness-shire
  • Kingston, Nottinghamshire
  • Kiveton Park, Yorkshire
  • Lindrick, Yorkshire
  • London
  • Mar Lodge, Aberdeenshire
  • Newmarket, Suffolk
  • North Anston, Yorkshire
  • North Mimms, Hertfordshire
  • Parsloes, Essex
  • Penrhyn, Cornwall
  • Penventon, Cornwall
  • Quainton, Buckinghamshire
  • Seamer in Pickering Lythe Wapentake, Yorkshire
  • South Anston, Yorkshire
  • Stapleford, Cambridgeshire
  • Stoke Poges, Buckinghamshire
  • Syon Hill, Middlesex
  • Tanyllwyn, Denbighshire
  • Thorpe Salvin, Yorkshire
  • Todwick, Yorkshire
  • Tring, Hertfordshire
  • Wakefield, Yorkshire
  • Wales, Yorkshire
  • Westminster, Middlesex
  • Wexham, Buckinghamshire
  • Wimbledon, Surrey
  • Wingrave, Buckinghamshire
Sources of authority: Royal Commission on Historical Manuscripts, Principal family and estate collections L-Z, 1999.
Name authority reference: GB/NNAF/F87678 (Former ISAAR ref: GB/NNAF/F10781 )
Collections
  Description Held by Reference Further information
1
12th cent-19th cent: Yorks (Conisborough, Hornby, Kiveton, Wales, etc) deeds, legal papers, manorial records, rentals, accounts, estate, coal mining, household and Osborne family papers 12th-19th cent, Bucks (Baylies in Stoke Poges, etc), Cambs (Gog Magog Hills in Stapleford), Cornwall (Helston, etc) and London (Westminster) deeds and estate papers mainly 17th-19th cent, East Dereham (Norfolk) survey 1648, Kingston (Notts) rental 1745-46, Salop (Abertanat), Denbighshire (Tanyllwyn) and Montgomeryshire (Broniarth) estate accounts 1716-66, with Denbighshire rental 17th cent, Invereshie (Inverness-shire) estate papers mid 19th cent, misc estate papers 14th-18th cent (Essex, Herts, Suffolk, Surrey, etc) and papers rel to Wallingford House (London) 1676-77 and houses at Grosvenor Square 1775, Holborn and Wimbledon (Surrey) 1702-15, Syon Hill (Middlesex) 1760-84 and Mar Lodge (Aberdeenshire) 1815-52, etc
Yorkshire Archaeological Society
NRA 12923 Dukes Leeds

See HMC Principal family and estate collections L-W, 1999 [78a]
2
18th cent-20th cent: misc Yorks (Hornby, etc) deeds, legal, trust and related papers, with some for Bucks (Farnham Royal, etc), Cambs (Gog Magog Hills in Stapleford), Cornwall (Helston, etc) and London
Yorkshire Archaeological Society
NRA 12923 Dukes Leeds

See HMC Principal family and estate collections L-W, 1999 [78b]
3
18th cent-20th cent: Yorks (Lindrick, etc) estate papers 18th-20th cent and Osborne family, legal and trust papers 19th-20th cent, incl papers rel to the will of the 1st Marquess of Cholmondeley 1840, with estate papers for Bucks (Farnham Royal, etc) 1799-20th cent and Cornwall (Penrhyn, etc) 1760-1859
Yorkshire Archaeological Society
NRA 12923 Dukes Leeds

See HMC Principal family and estate collections L-W, 1999 [78c]
4
1792-1896: Yorks (Harthill, North and South Anston and Todwick) manorial records
Sheffield City Archives
NRA 41262

See HMC Principal family and estate collections L-W, 1999 [78d]
5
1765-1808: Yorks (Kiveton, etc) surveys, rentals and estate accounts, etc
Sheffield City Archives
NRA 21603 Osborne

See HMC Principal family and estate collections L-W, 1999 [78e]
6
1762: Hornby (Yorks) estate plans
Rotherham Archives and Local Studies
See HMC Principal family and estate collections L-W, 1999 [78f]
7
1823: Hornby (Yorks) extent
Leeds University Library, Special Collections
NRA 25809 Leeds Univ Lib

See HMC Principal family and estate collections L-W, 1999 [78g]
8
1727: Kiveton and Thorpe Salvin (Yorks) household inventory
National Art Library, Victoria & Albert Museum
NRA 38891 V & A Museum

See HMC Principal family and estate collections L-W, 1999 [78v]
9
13th cent-19th cent: Wakefield (Yorks) manorial records
Yorkshire Archaeological Society
See HMC Principal family and estate collections A-K, 1996 [1h]
10
13th cent-19th cent: Conisborough (Yorks) manorial records
Doncaster Archives
See HMC Principal family and estate collections L-W, 1999 [Addenda, Yarborough]
11
c1759-1790: Yorks (Seamer, etc) estate accounts and papers
East Riding of Yorkshire Archives and Local Studies Service
NRA 38981 Londesborough
12
17th cent-18th cent: Seaton Ross (Yorks) estate rental 1737, with related Osborne family deeds 17th-18th cent
Hull History Centre (Hull University Archives)
NRA 11211 Constable-Maxwell

See HMC Principal family and estate collections A-K, 1996 [37y]
13
14th cent-20th cent: Bucks (Farnham Royal, Quainton, Wexham, etc) deeds, manorial records and estate papers 14th-20th cent, with Godolphin family papers 17th-18th cent, incl accounts of work at Baylies House (Stoke Poges) 1726-35
Centre for Buckinghamshire Studies
NRA 35794 Osborne

See HMC Principal family and estate collections L-W, 1999 [78l]
14
1824: Bucks estate map
Centre for Buckinghamshire Studies
See HMC Principal family and estate collections L-W, 1999 [78m]
15
16th cent-19th cent: Cornwall (Godolphin, Helston, Penventon, Scilly Islands, etc) legal, estate, copper and tin mining and Godolphin family papers 16th-19th cent, incl Scilly Islands governorship papers 1636-1806, papers rel to repairs at Tanyllwyn (Denbighshire) 1763 and Abertanat (Salop) estate boundaries, etc
Cornwall Record Office
NRA 27107

See HMC Principal family and estate collections L-W, 1999 [78h]
16
18th cent-20th cent: Cornwall (Helston, etc) deeds and estate and mining papers
Cornwall Record Office
NRA 37648

See HMC Principal family and estate collections L-W, 1999 [78i]
17
1788, 1806: Penrhyn (Cornwall) deed 1806 and Helston (Cornwall) plan 1788
Cornwall Record Office
See HMC Principal family and estate collections L-W, 1999 [78j]
18
c1619-1859: Cornwall (Helford, Helston, etc) legal and estate papers
Royal Institution of Cornwall
NRA 37909 Osborne

See HMC Principal family and estate collections L-W, 1999 [78k]
19
15th cent-18th cent: Salop (Abertanat), Denbighshire (Tanyllwyn) and Montgomeryshire (Broniarth) estate and Godolphin family papers
National Library of Wales: Department of Collection Services
NRA 11471 Ormsby-Gore
20
1602-1803: misc Suffolk (Newmarket, etc) deeds and papers (Godolphin family)
Somerset Heritage Centre (South West Heritage Trust)
NRA 781 Gore-Langton
21
15th cent-19th cent: Osborne family, official, political, literary and antiquarian papers 15th-19th cent, incl some of the Darcy family, with terrier of Sir Edward Osborne's Yorks estate 1634, Yorks manorial papers (Osborne family) 1744-1825, and rentals and accounts of the 1st Duke of Leeds's property 1700-03 and Hyde family estates in Bucks (Wingrave, etc) and Herts (Aldbury, etc) 1678-95
British Library, Manuscript Collections
See HMC Principal family and estate collections L-W, 1999 [78n]
22
17th cent-19th cent: Godolphin and Osborne family and business corresp and papers 17th-19th cent, incl official and political papers of the 1st Duke of Leeds (1631-1712), the 1st Earl of Godolphin (1645-1712) and the 5th Duke of Leeds (1751-1799)
British Library, Manuscript Collections
See HMC Principal family and estate collections L-W, 1999 [78p]
23
c1667-1717: misc Osborne family estate accounts 1681-1717, Wallingford House (Westminster) household accounts 1667 and official accounts and papers of the 1st Duke of Leeds (1631-1712)
The National Archives
See HMC Principal family and estate collections L-W, 1999 [78s]
24
late 17th cent-early 18th cent: Osborne family medical and culinary recipe books
Wellcome Library
See HMC Principal family and estate collections L-W, 1999 [78u]
25
1673-1722: Osborne family corresp
Unknown location
NRA 26617

See HMC Principal family and estate collections L-W, 1999 [78w] sold at Bonhams 18 Dec 2002, lot 760
26
1659-early 19th cent: misc Osborne family papers (mainly copies) and music MSS 1659-early 19th cent, incl household and stable accounts 1694-1719
Lincolnshire Archives
NRA 5950 Pelham

See HMC Principal family and estate collections A-K, 1996 [1a]
27
16th cent-19th cent: Godolphin family, legal, trust and financial papers 16th-19th cent, incl papers rel to estates and houses in Bucks (Baylies in Stoke Poges, etc), Cambs (Gog Magog Hills in Stapleford), Cornwall (Helston, etc) and London (Westminster) 18th cent
Northamptonshire Record Office
NRA 5870 Wentworth

See HMC Principal family and estate collections L-W, 1999 [114a]
28
c1771-1798: political and misc papers of the 5th Duke of Leeds (1751-1799)
British Library, Manuscript Collections
See HMC Principal family and estate collections L-W, 1999 [78o]
29
1703-1708: letters from Lord Seafield to the 1st Earl of Godolphin (1645-1712)
British Library, Manuscript Collections
See HMC Principal family and estate collections L-W, 1999 [78q]
30
1898-1964: diaries and papers of the 12th Duke of Leeds (1884-1964)
British Library, Manuscript Collections
See HMC Principal family and estate collections L-W, 1999 [78r]
31
c1670-1700: official, political and other papers of the 1st Duke of Leeds (1631-1712)
Yale University Libraries: Beinecke Library
NRA 20036

See HMC Principal family and estate collections L-W, 1999 [78t]
32
17th cent-18th cent: political and family corresp and papers of the 1st Duke of Leeds (1631-1712)
Unknown location
See HMC Principal family and estate collections L-W, 1999 [78x]
33
1735-1739: Scarborough election corresp of the 4th Duke of Leeds
Unknown location
NRA 7143 Osborne

See HMC Principal family and estate collections L-W, 1999 [78y]
34
1692: journal of the 1st Duke of Leeds rel to the battle of La Hogue
Collection held privately: enquiries to Staffordshire County Record Office
NRA 6393 Shaw-Hellier

See HMC Principal family and estate collections L-W, 1999 [78z]
35
1675-1685: misc papers of the 1st Duke of Leeds
British Library, Manuscript Collections
See HMC Principal family and estate collections L-W, 1999 [78n]
36
1677-1678: misc diplomatic corresp of the 1st Duke of Leeds
British Library, Manuscript Collections
See HMC Principal family and estate collections L-W, 1999 [78n]
37
1677-1691: further corresp and papers of the 1st Duke of Leeds
British Library, Manuscript Collections
See HMC Principal family and estate collections L-W, 1999 [78n]
38
late 17th cent-early 18th cent: misc personal and family letters of the 1st Earl of Godolphin (1645-1712)
National Library of Scotland, Manuscript Collections
See HMC Principal family and estate collections L-W, 1999 [78n]
39
MS treatise by Dean Colet and Roman de la Rose (from the Osborne family papers)
British Library, Manuscript Collections
See HMC Principal family and estate collections L-W, 1999 [78n]
40
1867-1934: Cornwall (St Hilary advowson) corresp deeds and papers
Cornwall Record Office
See Annual Return 2008
41
1865-1966: Cornwall, Osborne and Godolphin estate, industrial and mining papers and plans
Cornwall Record Office
See Annual Return 2008
42
1850-1970: Godolphin (Cornwall) estate papers
Cornwall Record Office
See Annual Return 2014

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