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Sackville, family, Barons Sackville

This page summarises records created by this Family

The summary includes a brief description of the collection(s) (usually including the covering dates of the collection), the name of the archive where they are held, and reference information to help you find the collection.

Date: 1100-2000

The Sackville family was settled in Essex in the 12th century, but acquired Buckhurst (Sussex) around 1200. Bolebroke (Sussex), inherited in the late 14th century, later passed, with a daughter of the 3rd Earl of Dorset, to the Tufton family (see Tufton, Barons Hothfield). Sir Richard Sackville (1507-66), Chancellor of the Court of Augmentations, acquired extensive properties in Sussex and Kent (including the site of Lewes Priory 1560), and Salisbury House (later Dorset House, later Dorset Gardens, London) in 1564. His son Thomas Sackville (c.1530-1608), Lord Treasurer 1599-1608, received further grants of land, including the reversion of Knole (Kent) in 1566. He was created Baron Buckhurst 1567, came into possession of Knole, which thenceforward became the principal seat, in 1603, and was created Earl of Dorset in 1604.

The 3rd Earl of Dorset married in 1609 Anne Clifford, daughter and heir of the 3rd Earl of Cumberland, but the Clifford estates did not descend in the Sackville family (see Cavendish, Dukes of Devonshire; Tufton, Barons Hothfield). The 4th Earl (1590-1652) married in 1612 Mary, daughter and heir of Sir George Curzon (d. 1622), through whom estates in Derbyshire (Croxall, etc) and Staffordshire were inherited, including land formerly in the possession of the Leveson family. The 5th Earl (1622-77) married c.1637 Frances Cranfield, sister of the 3rd Earl of Middlesex (d. 1674), who left estates in Essex (Copt Hall, formerly belonging to the Heneage family), Sussex (Wiston, acquired from the Shirley family) and Warwickshire and Gloucestershire (Milcote, Welford-on-Avon, etc, acquired from the Greville family) to his nephew the 6th Earl of Dorset. The 7th Earl (1688-1765) was created Duke of Dorset in 1720, and was Lord Lieutenant of Ireland 1730-7, 1751-5 and Lord President of the Council 1745-51.

The Kent and Sussex estates were much reduced by sales from 1614 onwards. The Copt Hall estate was sold in 1701, and Croxall in 1783. The 3rd Duke (1745-99), however, repaired the family fortunes, buying back lands in Sussex and Kent, and in 1790 marrying Arabella, daughter and co-heir of Sir Charles Cope, 2nd Bt (d. 1781), of Bruern (Oxfordshire). (She married secondly Charles Whitworth (1752-1825), Earl Whitworth, who was descended from the Whitworth family of Adbaston and Batchacre (Staffordshire), and who left his property to her at his death).

On the death of the 4th Duke in 1815 the dukedom passed to a cousin, Charles Sackville-Germain, 2nd Viscount Sackville, of Drayton (Northamptonshire), but the Sussex, Kent, London, Oxfordshire, Gloucestershire and Warwickshire estates were left, after the death of the 3rd Duke's widow in 1825, to her daughters the Countess of Plymouth (d. 1864) and Elizabeth, Countess De La Warr. In 1864 the latter became sole heir, and was created Baroness Buckhurst. On her death in 1870, however, the Sackville estates were divided. Buckhurst, together with the London and Oxfordshire estates, passed thenceforward with the earldom of De La Warr, but the Knole estate, together with property in Sussex (Chiddingly, etc), Gloucestershire and Warwickshire, passed to younger sons, first to the Hon. Reginald Sackville-West and then, when he succeeded his brother as 7th Earl De La Warr in 1873, to the Hon. Mortimer Sackville-West, who was created Baron Sackville in 1877.

Many early Sackville muniments are thought to have been destroyed by fire with Dorset House in 1666.

Estates in 1883: Sussex 4,080 acres, Gloucs [and Warwicks] 2,391 acres, Kent 1,960 acres, Herts 120 acres, total 8,551 acres worth £11,250 a year.

  • Adbaston, Staffordshire
  • Alrewas, Staffordshire
  • Batchacre, Staffordshire
  • Bath, Somerset
  • Blackford, Somerset
  • Bourn, Cambridgeshire
  • Buckhurst Park, Sussex
  • Charlton, Sussex
  • Chiddingly, Sussex
  • Chiddingstone, Kent
  • Copt Hall, Essex
  • Cranfield, Bedfordshire
  • Croxall, Staffordshire
  • Drayton, Oxfordshire
  • East Grinstead, Sussex
  • Epping Upland, Essex
  • Feckenham, Worcestershire
  • Framfield, Sussex
  • Glenogra, County Limerick
  • Hanwell, Oxfordshire
  • Kemsing, Kent
  • Knole, Kent
  • Ledbury, Herefordshire
  • London
  • Lullington, Sussex
  • Milcote, Warwickshire
  • Mount Bures, Essex
  • Otford, Kent
  • Sawbridgeworth, Hertfordshire
  • Sevenoaks, Kent
  • Sezincote, Gloucestershire
  • Sheering, Essex
  • Stoneland Lodge, Sussex
  • Stratford-on-Avon, Warwickshire
  • Welford-on-Avon, Warwickshire
  • West Horsley, Surrey
  • Wiston, Sussex
  • Withyham, Sussex
Sources of authority: Royal Commission on Historical Manuscripts, Guide to Principal Family and Estate Collections L-W, 1999
Name authority reference: GB/NNAF/F87550 (Former ISAAR ref: GB/NNAF/F10787 )
  Description Held by Reference Further information
12th-20th cent: Gloucs (Sezincote, etc), Kent (Knole, etc), London, Sussex (Buckhurst Park in Withyham, Stoneland Lodge, etc) and Warwicks (Milcote, etc) deeds, legal papers, manorial records, estate, household and Sackville family corresp and papers 12th-20th cent, Cranfield (Beds) manorial records 16th-17th cent, Essex (Copt Hall in Epping Upland, Sheering, etc) deeds, manorial, estate and household papers c13th-19th cent, Herefs (Ledbury, etc) deeds and papers 16th-17th cent, Staffs (Adbaston, Batchacre, Croxall (formerly Derbys), etc) manorial and estate papers 13th-18th cent and misc estate papers for Herts (Sawbridgeworth, etc), Somerset (Blackford, etc) and Surrey (West Horsley, etc) 16th-18th cent, Oxon (Drayton, Hanwell, etc) 18th-19th cent, Cambs (Bourn, etc) 1858-60 and Co Limerick (Glenogra) 1881-87, etc, incl Feckenham (Worcs) swanimote roll 1493, with Bath (Somerset) household accounts 1703 and Bourchier, Cranfield, Greville and Whitworth family papers, etc
Kent History and Library Centre
NRA 8575 Sackville

See HMC Principal family and estate collections L-W, 1999 [91a]
1891-1973: papers rel to Kent and Sussex manors, mainly corresp, surrenders, admissions and enfranchisements
Kent History and Library Centre
See Annual Return 2014
c15th cent-1700: Oxon (Drayton, Hanwell, etc) deeds and papers
Hampshire Archives and Local Studies
NRA 540 Cope
1276-1783: Staffs (Alrewas, Croxall, etc) deeds and estate papers
Collection held privately: enquiries to Derbyshire Record Office
NRA 18689 Croxall estate
1606-1607, 1687: East Grinstead (Sussex) grant 1606-1607 and account of Thomas Medley as receiver of the Sackville estates 1697
East Sussex Record Office
NRA 12274 Portman

See HMC Principal family and estate collections L-W, 1999 [91b]
1606-1813: Sussex (Chiddingly, Lullington, etc) manorial records
East Sussex Record Office
See Annual Report 1985
16th cent-19th cent: Sussex (Buckhurst Park in Withyham, Chiddingley, Framfield, etc) and London deeds, legal papers, manorial records, estate papers and Sackville family papers
East Sussex Record Office
NRA 14454 Sackville
16th cent-19th cent: Sussex (East Grinstead, Framfield, Lullington, etc) manorial records 16th-19th cent, with rental of Sackville family estates 1618-19
East Sussex Record Office
NRA 8607 Adams
1463-1552: Stratford-on-Avon (Warwicks) manorial court rolls 1463-1548 and Feckenham (Worcs) forest swanimote roll 1552
Shakespeare Birthplace Trust
NRA 4523 Shakespeare misc

See HMC Principal family and estate collections L-W, 1999 [91c]
1702-1707: Sackville family rentals
Derbyshire Record Office
See Annual Return 2001
1615-1621: household accounts of the 1st Earl and Countess of Middlesex
British Library, Manuscript Collections
See HMC Principal family and estate collections L-W, 1999 [91d]
1622: household books of the 1st Earl and Countess of Middlesex
Lambeth Palace Library
See HMC Principal family and estate collections L-W, 1999 [91e]
1614-1627: Sussex militia letter book 1614-24 and misc papers c1621-27 of the 3rd Earl of Dorset
North East Wales Archives (NEWA), Flintshire Record Office
NRA 13672 Rhual deeds

See HMC Principal family and estate collections L-W, 1999 [91f]
c1917-1988: corresp and papers of the 5th Baron Sackville (1901-1965)
British Library, Manuscript Collections
See HMC Principal family and estate collections L-W, 1999 [91g]
20th cent: corresp and papers of the 5th Baron Sackville (1901-1965)
University of Texas at Austin: Harry Ransom Humanities Research Center Library
See HMC Principal family and estate collections L-W, 1999 [91g]
early 18th cent: papers of Charles Whitworth, Baron Whitworth (1675-1725)
British Library, Manuscript Collections

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