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Bentinck, Cavendish- family, Dukes of Portland

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Date: 1100-2000
History:

Sir Charles Cavendish, third son of Sir William Cavendish of Chatsworth (Derbyshire), acquired Welbeck (Nottinghamshire) in 1598 and Bolsover (Derbyshire) in 1608, both from the Talbot family. His second wife, Catherine, Baroness Ogle, brought the Bothal (Northumberland) estates. Their son, William Cavendish, was created Earl (1628), Marquess (1643) and Duke (1665) of Newcastle. Following the death of the 2nd Duke in 1691 these Cavendish estates passed to his daughter, Margaret, wife of John Holles, 4th Earl of Clare. Lord Clare was created Duke of Newcastle in 1694. On his death in 1711 the Clare estates and a portion of the Cavendish estates passed to his nephew, Thomas Pelham, created Duke of Newcastle in 1715, but the bulk of the Cavendish lands, together with the manor of Marylebone (Middlesex) and Wimpole (Cambridgeshire) passed to his daughter Henrietta, who married Edward Harley, later 2nd Earl of Oxford.

Lord Oxford sold Wimpole, and on his death in 1741 the Harley estates in Herefordshire (Brampton Bryan etc.) passed to a cousin, but his widow continued in possession of the Welbeck estates, which on her death in 1755 passed to her daughter, Lady Margaret Cavendish Harley. Lady Margaret married William Bentinck, 2nd Duke of Portland, and her estates were inherited by the 3rd Duke on her death in 1785.

Hans Willem Bentinck (1649-1709), an associate of King William III, was created Earl of Portland in 1689 and acquired extensive estates in Buckinghamshire (Bulstrode Park), Hertfordshire (Theobalds), Cumberland, Middlesex (Soho) and elsewhere, plus, in his mother's name, a large estate in Ireland. His son, Viscount Woodstock, later 2nd Earl and from 1716 1st Duke of Portland, married in 1704 a daughter of the 2nd Earl of Gainsborough, through whom came a moiety of the Titchfield (Hampshire) estates formerly belonging to the Wriothesley Earls of Southampton. The Bentinck estates were, however, largely disposed of by sale in the 18th and early 19th centuries.

Lord Titchfield, later 4th Duke of Portland, married in 1794 Henrietta Scott, heiress of the Balcomie (Fife) estate, whose trustees also acquired for her the Cessnock, Dean and Kilmanock estates in Ayrshire. The 4th Duke sold Balcomie but increased the Ayrshire estates by purchase, notably Fullarton in 1803. The Langwell (Caithness) estate was acquired by the 5th Duke between 1857 and 1869. On the death of the 5th Duke in 1879 most of the estates passed to the cousin who succeeded him as 6th Duke, but part of the Ayrshire estates were divided between the 5th Duke's sisters, Lady Ossington and Lady Howard de Walden, the latter also inheriting the Marylebone property.

Estates in 1883: 43,036 acres in Nottinghamshire; 12,337 acres in Northumberland; 8,074 acres in Derbyshire; 903 acres in Lincolnshire; 591 acres in Norfolk; 9 acres in Worcestershire; 5 acres in Buckinghamshire; 101,000 acres in Caithness; 17,244 acres in Ayrshire; worth a total of £88,350 a year.

Places:
  • Aldrington, Sussex
  • Balcomie, Fife
  • Blore, Staffordshire
  • Bolsover, Derbyshire
  • Bothal, Northumberland
  • Bulstrode, Buckinghamshire
  • Cawkwell, Lincolnshire
  • Cessnock, Ayrshire
  • Dean, Ayrshire
  • Fullarton, Ayrshire
  • Hepple, Northumberland
  • Hesket, Cumberland
  • Hovingham, Yorkshire
  • Kilmarnock, Ayrshire
  • Langwell, Caithness-shire
  • Mansfield, Nottinghamshire
  • Rudheath, Cheshire
  • Soho, Middlesex
  • St Marylebone, Middlesex
  • Terrington St Clement, Norfolk
  • Theobalds, Hertfordshire
  • Titchfield, Hampshire
  • Welbeck, Nottinghamshire
Sources of authority: Royal Commission on Historical Manuscripts, Principal family and estate archives A-K, 1996, p. 27.
Name authority reference: GB/NNAF/F86113 (Former ISAAR ref: GB/NNAF/F9541 )
Collections
  Description Held by Reference Further information
1
12th cent-20th cent: Notts (Welbeck, etc), Bucks (Bulstrode, etc), Derbys (Bolsover, etc), Herts (Theobalds, etc), London and Northumberland (Bothal, etc) deeds, family and estate papers, incl Harley family papers, with some deeds and papers for properties elsewhere
Nottinghamshire Archives
NRA 5959 Cavendish-Bentinck

See HMC Principal family and estate collections A-K, 1996 [18a]
2
14th cent-20th cent: Notts (Welbeck, etc), Bucks (Bulstrode, etc), Derbys (Bolsover, etc), Herts (Theobalds, etc), London and Northumberland (Bothal, etc) deeds, family and estate papers, with some papers rel to properties elsewhere
Nottingham University Library, Department of Manuscripts and Special Collections
NRA 28916

See HMC Principal family and estate collections A-K, 1996 [18d]
3
1777-1778: Notts (Mansfield) rent accounts 1749 and Notts (Welbeck, etc) and Derbys (Bolsover, etc) rent accounts 1777-78
Nottinghamshire Archives
NRA 6885 Nottinghamshire misc

See HMC Principal family and estate collections A-K, 1996 [18b]
4
17th cent-20th cent: Notts (Welbeck, etc) and Derbys (Bolsover, etc) deeds and misc estate papers
Nottingham University Library, Department of Manuscripts and Special Collections
NRA 28916

See HMC Principal family and estate collections A-K, 1996 [18d]
5
14th cent-19th cent: Bulstrode (Bucks) deeds and misc estate papers
Nottingham University Library, Department of Manuscripts and Special Collections
NRA 28916

See HMC Principal family and estate collections A-K, 1996 [18d]
6
16th cent-1810: misc Bulstrode (Bucks) deeds and papers
Centre for Buckinghamshire Studies
NRA 11704 Ramsden
7
17th cent-19th cent: misc Cheshire (Rudheath, etc) deeds and papers
Nottinghamshire Archives
NRA 5959 Cavendish-Bentinck

See HMC Principal family and estate collections A-K, 1996 [18a]
8
18th cent: misc Cheshire (Rudheath, etc) deeds and papers
Nottingham University Library, Department of Manuscripts and Special Collections
NRA 28916

See HMC Principal family and estate collections A-K, 1996 [18d]
9
18th cent-19th cent: misc Cumberland (Hesket, etc) estate papers
Nottinghamshire Archives
NRA 5959 Cavendish-Bentinck

See HMC Principal family and estate collections A-K, 1996 [18a]
10
18th cent-19th cent: misc Cumberland (Hesket, etc) deeds and estate papers
Nottingham University Library, Department of Manuscripts and Special Collections
NRA 28916

See HMC Principal family and estate collections A-K, 1996 [18d]
11
13th cent-18th cent: Hants (Titchfield, etc) deeds, manorial records and estate papers
Hampshire Archives and Local Studies
NRA 8800 Wriothesley

See HMC Principal family and estate collections A-K, 1996 [18g]
12
18th cent: misc Herts (Theobalds, etc) estate papers
Nottingham University Library, Department of Manuscripts and Special Collections
NRA 28916

See HMC Principal family and estate collections A-K, 1996 [18d]
13
17th cent-19th cent: misc Cawkwell (Lincs) deeds and papers
Nottingham University Library, Department of Manuscripts and Special Collections
NRA 28916

See HMC Principal family and estate collections A-K, 1996 [18d]
14
1658-1841: estate papers rel mainly to Doorwerth, Netherlands, and estate administration, with family corresp
Nottingham University Library, Department of Manuscripts and Special Collections
15
16th cent-19th cent: London deeds and estate papers
Nottinghamshire Archives
NRA 5959 Cavendish-Bentinck

See HMC Principal family and estate collections A-K, 1996 [18a]
16
18th cent-20th cent: London (St Marylebone and Soho) deeds and estate papers
Nottingham University Library, Department of Manuscripts and Special Collections
NRA 28916

See HMC Principal family and estate collections A-K, 1996 [18d]
17
1710-1759: St Marylebone (London) abstract and copy rental 1710 and report 1759, with summary of rentals 1712-37
London Metropolitan Archives: City of London
See HMC Principal family and estate collections A-K, 1996 [18j]
18
1720-1754: London estate rentals and letter book
British Library, Manuscript Collections
See HMC Principal family and estate collections A-K, 1996 [18k]
19
1765-1882: St Marylebone (London) deeds (3 bundles)
City of Westminster Archives Centre
20
1771-1833: misc London plans, particulars and papers of John White, agent of the Portland estate
City of Westminster Archives Centre
21
1795-1872: misc London plans
City of Westminster Archives Centre
See Annual Return 2002
22
18th cent-19th cent: St Marylebone estate papers
Howard de Walden Estates Ltd
NRA 44180
23
c1800-1920: Norfolk (Terrington St Clement) deeds and papers
Nottingham University Library, Department of Manuscripts and Special Collections
NRA 28916

See HMC Principal family and estate collections A-K, 1996 [18d]
24
1812-1852: misc Norfolk (Terrington St Clement) estate papers
Suffolk Record Office, Ipswich Branch
NRA 5944 Martin
25
13th cent-20th cent: Northumberland (Bothal, etc) deeds, leases, accounts and estate papers
Nottinghamshire Archives
NRA 5959 Cavendish-Bentinck

See HMC Principal family and estate collections A-K, 1996 [18a]
26
16th cent-20th cent: Northumberland (Bothal, etc) deeds and papers
Nottingham University Library, Department of Manuscripts and Special Collections
NRA 28916

See HMC Principal family and estate collections A-K, 1996 [18d]
27
1652-1660: Hepple (Northumberland) barony rental
Nottingham University Library, Department of Manuscripts and Special Collections
NRA 7628 Cavendish-Bentinck

See HMC Principal family and estate collections A-K, 1996 [18e]
28
1780-1947: Northumberland (Bothal, etc) rentals, accounts and estate papers
Northumberland Archives
NRA 24807 Sample

See HMC Principal family and estate collections A-K, 1996 [18f]
29
19th cent-20th cent: further Bothal (Northumberland) estate papers
Northumberland Archives
30
1892-1896: Northumberland estate corresp of WC Sample, Bothal estate agent
Northumberland Archives
31
1945-1948: further (Coxlodge) Northumberland estate corresp of William Sample and others
Northumberland Archives
See Annual Return 2004
32
14th cent-18th cent: misc Blore (Staffs) estate papers (Cavendish family property)
Nottinghamshire Archives
NRA 5959 Cavendish-Bentinck

See HMC Principal family and estate collections A-K, 1996 [18a]
33
19th cent-20th cent: misc Aldrington (Sussex) deeds and papers
Nottingham University Library, Department of Manuscripts and Special Collections
NRA 28916

See HMC Principal family and estate collections A-K, 1996 [18d]
34
12th cent-17th cent: Hovingham (Yorks) deeds, manorial records and estate papers (Cavendish family property)
Nottinghamshire Archives
NRA 5959 Cavendish-Bentinck

See HMC Principal family and estate collections A-K, 1996 [18a]
35
19th cent: Scottish estate papers 19th cent, incl Ayrshire (Cessnock, etc) estate accounts 1819-46, maps and papers rel to harbours
Nottinghamshire Archives
NRA 5959 Cavendish-Bentinck

See HMC Principal family and estate collections A-K, 1996 [18a]
36
1408-1485: Ayrshire (Cessnock, etc) deeds and legal papers
National Records of Scotland (formerly National Archives of Scotland)
NRA 10990 Cavendish-Bentinck

See HMC Principal family and estate collections A-K, 1996 [18h]
37
1798-20th cent: Ayrshire (Cessnock, etc) estate plans and factor's papers
Ayrshire Archives
NRA 24996

See HMC Principal family and estate collections A-K, 1996 [18i]
38
1736-19th cent: misc Ayrshire (Cessnock, etc) estate papers
Ayrshire Archives
39
1790-1803: Cavendish-Bentinck family Red Books by Humphry Repton (3)
Collection held privately: enquiries to The National Archives, Archives Sector Development
See HMC Principal family and estate collections A-K, 1996 [18c]
40
16th cent-19th cent: Cavendish, Holles, Cavendish-Bentinck and Harley family and misc papers, incl rental of Viscount Woodstock's Irish estates 1699
Nottingham University Library, Department of Manuscripts and Special Collections
NRA 7628 Cavendish-Bentinck

See HMC Principal family and estate collections A-K, 1996 [18e]
41
early 18th cent: misc Harley family legal and financial papers
British Library, Manuscript Collections
See HMC Principal family and estate collections A-K, 1996 [18k]
42
12th cent-18th cent: Harley, Cavendish, Holles and Vere family papers and misc papers, incl cartularies of Hants religious houses
British Library, Manuscript Collections
See HMC Principal family and estate collections A-K, 1996 [18l]
43
14th cent-18th cent: misc Cavendish, Holles and Harley family papers, incl Welbeck Abbey cartulary and charters
British Library, Manuscript Collections
See HMC Principal family and estate collections A-K, 1996 [18m]
44
1688-1719: further Harley family papers
British Library, Manuscript Collections
See HMC Principal family and estate collections A-K, 1996 [18n]
45
c1708-1761: Harleian Library catalogues
British Library, Manuscript Collections
See HMC Principal family and estate collections A-K, 1996 [18o]
46
1802-1852: Welbeck (Notts) weather records
British Library, Manuscript Collections
See HMC Principal family and estate collections A-K, 1996 [18p]
47
1827-1876: Welbeck (Notts) weather records
National Meteorological Archive
See HMC Principal family and estate collections A-K, 1996 [18q]
48
18th cent: Cavendish-Bentinck family architectural drawings, mainly rel to Welbeck Abbey
Royal Institute of British Architects
See HMC Principal family and estate collections A-K, 1996 [18r]
49
1714: rental of the 1st Earl of Portland's estates
Oxford University: Bodleian Library, Special Collections
See HMC Principal family and estate collections A-K, 1996 [18s]
50
c1640-1652: Civil War papers (the Revd John Nalson's collections)
Oxford University: Bodleian Library, Special Collections
See HMC Principal family and estate collections A-K, 1996 [18t]
51
c1712-1781: corresp and papers of Margaret, Duchess of Portland (d 1785)
Longleat House
See HMC Principal family and estate collections L-W, 1999 [104a]

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Related record creators
  Record creator Description of relationship Dates Category of relationship
1
A daughter of second Earl of Gainsborough married the first Duke of Portland
Late 17th cent
Family