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Lennox, Gordon- family, Dukes of Richmond and Gordon

This page summarises records created by this Family

The summary includes a brief description of the collection(s) (usually including the covering dates of the collection), the name of the archive where they are held, and reference information to help you find the collection.

Date: 1300-2000
History:

Charles Lennox, a natural son of King Charles II, was created Duke of Richmond in 1675 and granted lands in Scotland and Yorkshire (later sold). Through his grandmother, the Duchess of Portsmouth (d. 1734), the 2nd Duke inherited the French estate of Aubigny (divided among members of the family in the 1830s). The Sussex estate, beginning with a small purchase in 1695, was greatly enlarged by the 3rd Duke between 1750 and 1806.

The Gordon (formerly Seton) family rose to prominence in Scottish affairs in the 15th and 16th centuries. They were created Earls of Huntly c.1445, Marquesses of Huntly in 1599 and Dukes of Gordon in 1684. On the death of the 5th Duke in 1836 his extensive estates centred on Gordon Castle and Glenlivet (Morayshire and Banffshire), Huntly (Aberdeenshire) and Badenoch and Lochaber (Inverness-shire) passed mainly to his nephew, the 5th Duke of Richmond, the dukedom of Gordon being revived for the 6th Duke of Richmond in 1876. The Gordon Castle and other estates were sold to the Crown in 1937.

Estates in 1883: 17,117 acres in Sussex; 2 acres in Yorkshire; 159,952 acres in Banffshire; 69,660 acres in Aberdeenshire; 27,409 acres in Inverness-shire; 12,271 acres in Morayshire; worth a total of £79,683 a year.

Places:
  • Fochabers, Moray
  • Glenfiddich Lodge, Banffshire
  • Glenlivet, Banffshire
  • Goodwood, Sussex
  • Gordon Castle, Moray
  • Harmony Hall, Trinidad
  • Huntly, Aberdeenshire
  • Kinrara Lodge, Inverness-shire
  • Lochaber, Inverness-shire
Sources of authority: Royal Commission on Historical Manuscripts, Principal family and estate collections, 1996, pp. 68-9.
Name authority reference: GB/NNAF/F84532 (Former ISAAR ref: GB/NNAF/F1549 )
Collections
  Description Held by Reference Further information
1
14th cent-20th cent: Sussex (Goodwood, etc) deeds, manorial records, family and estate papers 14th-20th cent, with misc deeds and papers rel to other English counties 16th cent-1902 and papers rel to estates in Scotland 19th cent and France (Aubigny) 18th cent-1838
West Sussex Record Office
NRA 850 Gordon Lennox

See HMC Principal family and estate collections A-K, 1996 [42a]
2
1730: Goodwood (Sussex) architectural drawings
West Sussex Record Office
See Annual Return 1995
3
17th-19th cent: additional Goodwood estate records
West Sussex Record Office
See Annual Return 2011
4
14th cent-20th cent: Aberdeenshire (Huntly, etc), Banffshire (Glenlivet, etc), Inverness-shire (Lochaber, etc) and Moray (Gordon Castle, etc) writs, legal, estate, fishery and ecclesiastical accounts and papers and Gordon family papers 14th-20th cent, with Harmony Hall (Trinidad) estate papers 1807-20
National Records of Scotland (formerly National Archives of Scotland)
See HMC Principal family and estate collections A-K, 1996 [42b]
5
18th cent-19th cent: Banffshire (Glenlivet, etc), Inverness-shire (Lochaber, etc) and Moray (Gordon Castle, etc) estate accounts and papers
National Records of Scotland (formerly National Archives of Scotland)
See HMC Principal family and estate collections A-K, 1996 42c]
6
1683-1879: Inverness-shire (Lochaber, etc) estate accounts and papers, etc
National Records of Scotland (formerly National Archives of Scotland)
NRA 10992 Fraser-Mackintosh

See HMC Principal family and estate collections A-K, 1996 [42d]
7
1753: Inverness-shire (Lochaber, etc) abstract of estate rents and feu duty accounts
Highland Archives
See Guide to the Highland Council Archive p73
8
1691: Inverness-shire (Lochaber, etc) estate valuation
National Records of Scotland (formerly National Archives of Scotland)
NRA 32594 Ogilvie-Grant

See HMC Principal family and estate collections L-W, 1999 [75a]
9
1793-1803: misc Gordon family vouchers (4th Duke and Duchess of Gordon)
National Records of Scotland (formerly National Archives of Scotland)
NRA 10441 Thomson

See HMC Principal family and estate collections A-K, 1996 [42e]
10
17th cent-20th cent: Gordon and Gordon-Lennox family legal and trust papers 17th-20th cent, with misc Scottish estate papers 18th-20th cent
National Records of Scotland (formerly National Archives of Scotland)
NRA 10747 Brodie

See HMC Principal family and estate collections A-K, 1996 [42f]
11
1721-1826: Lennox family papers
British Library, Manuscript Collections
NRA 20952 Bathurst
12
1738, 1837-41: additional Goodwood records incl election accounts
West Sussex Record Office
See Annual Return 2009
13
1818-1819: Canadian papers of the 4th Duke of Richmond (1764-1819)
Queen's University Archives
NRA 41277

See HMC Papers of British colonial governors 1782-1900, 1986 p35
14
1805-1813: Irish lieutenancy papers of the 4th Duke of Richmond, with some as Colonel of the 35th Regiment
Kent History and Library Centre
NRA 8575 Sackville

See HMC Papers of British politicians 1782-1900, 1989 p61
15
1794-1818: political corresp of the 4th Duke of Richmond
National Library of Ireland
See HMC Papers of British politicians 1782-1900, 1989 p61
16
1892: New Zealand travel diary of the 8th Duke of Richmond (1870-1953)
West Sussex Record Office
See Annual Return 2000
17
20th cent: additional records incl files rel to restoration of the Egyptian Dining Room
West Sussex Record Office
See Annual Return 2007
18
20th cent: Goodwood Estate sawmill leases and plans
West Sussex Record Office

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