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Grenville, family, Dukes of Buckingham

This page summarises records created by this Family

The summary includes a brief description of the collection(s) (usually including the covering dates of the collection), the name of the archive where they are held, and reference information to help you find the collection.

Date: 1100-2000
History:

The Grenville family was established at Wotton Underwood (Buckinghamshire) in the 11th century. Richard Grenville (1677-1727) married in 1710 Hester, daughter of Sir Richard Temple, 3rd baronet, of Stowe (Buckinghamshire), whose family also owned estates in Oxfordshire (Finmere), Northamptonshire and Warwickshire (Burton Dassett). She succeeded her brother as Viscountess Cobham and was created Countess Temple in 1749; on her death in 1752 the Stowe estate passed to her son Richard Grenville-Temple (1711-79) as 2nd Earl Temple. He also inherited the Eastbury (Dorset) estate from his cousin George Bubb Doddington, Baron Melcombe (d. 1762).

The 2nd Earl Temple was succeeded as 3rd Earl by his nephew, George Nugent-Temple-Grenville (son of George Grenville, the Prime Minister), who married Mary Elizabeth, daughter and heir of Robert Craggs Nugent, Earl Nugent (d. 1788), bringing estates in Cornwall (St. Mawes), Essex (Gosfield, formerly owned by the Knight family) and Ireland. He was created Marquess of Buckingham in 1784. On his wife's death in 1812 the Irish estates passed to her second son (who also succeded her as 2nd Baron Nugent) but the English estates descended to her eldest son, who succeded his father the following year as 2nd Marquess of Buckingham.

Richard Temple-Nugent-Brydges-Chandos-Grenville, 2nd Marquess of Buckingham (1776-1839) married in 1796 Anna Elizabeth Brydges (d. 1836), daughter and heir of the 3rd Duke of Chandos (d. 1789), through whom the Grenvilles inherited estates in Middlesex (Canons, formerly held by the Lake family), Hampshire and Wiltshire (Avington etc.), Somerset (Keynsham etc.) and Derbyshire, as well as plantations in Jamaica (from the wife of the 3rd Duke). The 2nd Marquess was created 1st Duke of Buckingham and Chandos in 1822.

His son, the 2nd Duke (1797-1861), who married a daughter of the 1st Marquess of Breadalbane (see Campbell, Earls of Breadalbane), was bankrupted in 1848. Many outlying estates in Buckinghamshire, Dorset, Hampshire, Somerset and elsewhere were sold, together with the manuscript collections and some family papers from Stowe itself. On the death of the 3rd Duke in 1889 his estates passed to his daughter Mary Morgan (later Morgan-Grenville), Baroness Kinloss (1852-1944), who sold the archive from Stowe in the early 1920s.

Estates in 1883: 9,511 acres in Buckinghamshire; 498 acres in Cornwall; 236 acres in Oxfordshire; 232 acres in Middlesex and 5 acres in Somerset, worth a total of £18,080 a year.

Places:
  • Adlestrop, Gloucestershire
  • Andover, Hampshire
  • Avington, Hampshire
  • Bedale, Yorkshire
  • Biddlesden, Buckinghamshire
  • Bocking, Essex
  • Boughrood, Radnorshire
  • Burton Dassett, Warwickshire
  • Canons Park, Middlesex
  • Crich, Derbyshire
  • Dorton, Buckinghamshire
  • East Wellow, Hampshire
  • Edmonton, Middlesex
  • Enfield, Middlesex
  • Eyam, Derbyshire
  • Finmere, Oxfordshire
  • Foscott, Buckinghamshire
  • Godmersham, Kent
  • Gosfield, Essex
  • Hope, Jamaica
  • Keynsham, Somerset
  • Kidlington, Oxfordshire
  • Little Stanmore, Middlesex
  • Llanstephen, Radnorshire
  • Longborough, Gloucestershire
  • Lutterworth, Leicestershire
  • Mevagissey, Cornwall
  • Middleton, Jamaica
  • Nether Winchendon, Buckinghamshire
  • Shaw, Berkshire
  • St Mawes, Cornwall
  • Stanmore, Middlesex
  • Steyning, Sussex
  • Stoke Mandeville, Buckinghamshire
  • Stowe, Buckinghamshire
  • Tarrant Gunville, Dorset
  • Tarrant Rushton, Dorset
  • Villierstown, County Waterford
  • Wappenham, Northamptonshire
  • Wedmore, Somerset
  • West Wellow, Wiltshire
  • Westbury, Buckinghamshire
  • Westminster, Middlesex
  • Whetstone, Middlesex
  • Whittlebury, Northamptonshire
  • Wilton, Herefordshire
  • Wotton Underwood, Buckinghamshire
  • Auchlyne, Perthshire
Sources of authority: Royal Commission on Historical Manuscripts, Principal family and estate collections, A-K, 1996, pp. 70-71.
Name authority reference: GB/NNAF/F83297 (Former ISAAR ref: GB/NNAF/F4494 )
Collections
  Description Held by Reference Further information
1
12th cent-20th cent: Berks (Shaw, etc), Bucks (Stowe, Wotton Underwood, etc), Cornwall (St Mawes, etc), Derbys (Crich, etc), Dorset (Tarrant Rushton, etc), Essex (Gosfield, etc), Gloucs (Longborough, etc), Hants (Avington, etc), Leics (Lutterworth, etc), London, Middlesex (Canons Park in Little Stanmore, etc), Northants (Wappenham, etc), Oxon (Finmere, etc), Somerset (Keynsham, etc), Warwicks (Burton Dassett, etc), Wilts (West Wellow, etc), Radnorshire (Boughrood, etc), Ireland (Co Clare, Co Longford, etc) and Jamaica (Hope and Middleton) deeds, legal, financial and estate papers 12th-20th cent and Grenville, Brydges, Nugent and Temple family papers 16th-20th cent, with Godmersham (Kent) manorial papers 14th-15th cent, Yorks (Bedale, etc) estate papers 16th-17th cent, Biddlesden (Bucks) household papers 1894, etc
Huntington Library
NRA 10029 Hastings

See HMC Principal family and estate collections A-K, 1996 [44a]
2
12th cent-19th cent: Bucks (Stowe, Wotton Underwood, etc) and misc Cornwall (St Mawes, etc), Dorset (Tarrant Rushton, etc), Essex (Gosfield, etc), Hants (Avington, etc), Herefs (Wilton), Leics (Lutterworth, etc), Oxon (Finmere, etc), Somerset (Keynsham, etc), Warwicks (Burton Dassett, etc) and Radnorshire (Boughrood, etc) deeds, estate papers and Brydges and Grenville family papers 12th-19th cent, incl Stowe library catalogue c1800 and Senegal trading ledger 1771
Northamptonshire Record Office
NRA 12333 Temple

See HMC Principal family and estate collections A-K, 1996 [44b]
3
16th cent-20th cent: Bucks (Stowe, etc) deeds and estate papers 16th-20th cent and Grenville family, legal and trust papers 17th-19th cent, incl Avington (Hants) game book 1816-75, etc
Centre for Buckinghamshire Studies
NRA 19654 Stowe estate

See HMC Principal family and estate collections A-K, 1996 [44c]
4
1847: Bucks (Stowe, etc) estate map
Centre for Buckinghamshire Studies
See HMC Principal family and estate collections A-K, 1996 [44g]
5
17th cent-19th cent: misc Bucks (Stowe, Wotton Underwood, etc), Essex (Gosfield, etc) and Hants (Avington, etc) estate and other papers
University of Reading: Special Collections
NRA 41577 Farm records

See HMC Principal family and estate collections A-K, 1996 [44i]
6
1831-1849: Bucks (Stowe, etc), Northants (Wappenham, etc), Oxon (Finmere, etc) and Somerset (Keynsham, etc) rentals and Grenville family and financial corresp and papers
Collection held privately: enquiries to National Register of Archives for Scotland
NRA 25302 Campbell

See HMC Principal family and estate collections A-K, 1996 [14f]
7
c1842-1928: Bucks (Stowe, etc), Cornwall (St Mawes, etc), Derbys (Crich, etc), Hants (Avington, etc), Middlesex (Canons Park in Little Stanmore, etc), Somerset (Keynsham, etc) and Irish estate rental 1842-45, with misc Grenville family trust deeds and legal papers 1867-1928
Centre for Buckinghamshire Studies
NRA 3576 Bucks RO misc
8
17th cent-19th cent: Bucks (Stowe, Wotton Underwood, etc) deeds and papers
Centre for Buckinghamshire Studies
NRA 781 Gore-Langton
9
1610-1910: Bucks (Stowe, etc) and Oxon (Finmere, etc) estate accounts and papers and misc Stowe, Nether Winchendon and Wotton household papers
Centre for Buckinghamshire Studies
10
1797: Bucks (Stowe) misc estate records
Centre for Buckinghamshire Studies
11
mainly 18th cent: Cornwall (St Mawes, etc) estate papers
Royal Institution of Cornwall
See HMC Principal family and estate collections L-W, 1999 [Addenda]
12
18th cent-19th cent: Cornwall (Megavissey, St Mawes, etc) estate papers
Royal Institution of Cornwall
See HMC Principal family and estate collections L-W, 1999 [Addenda]
13
18th cent-19th cent: Cornwall (Megavissey, St Mawes, etc) estate papers
Royal Institution of Cornwall
See HMC Principal family and estate collections L-W, 1999 [Addenda]
14
1720-1773: Gosfield (Essex) household accounts and papers 1720-46, with misc Nugent family papers 1763-73
Essex Record Office
NRA 3505 Essex RO misc
15
1767-1843: misc Hants (Avington, East Wellow, etc) estate papers
Hampshire Archives and Local Studies
16
15th cent-19th cent: Middlesex (Canons Park in Little Stanmore, etc) deeds, manorial records, rentals and estate papers, with some rel to Herts and London, etc, 15th-19th cent and Stowe (Bucks) household and Grenville family papers 18th-19th cent
London Metropolitan Archives: City of London
See HMC Principal family and estate collections A-K, 1996 [44j]
17
1640-1929: Canons Park estate papers
London Metropolitan Archives: City of London
18
1572-19th cent: Middlesex (Enfield, etc) estate papers
Enfield Local Studies Library and Archive
NRA 25947 Brydges

See HMC Principal family and estate collections A-K, 1996 [44l]
19
1883: Whetstone (Middlesex) legal papers
Barnet Local Studies and Archives
See HMC Principal family and estate collections A-K, 1996 [44m]
20
1737-1832: Middlesex (Edmonton, etc) and Hants (Avington, etc) estate papers 1818-32, with Hants (Avington, etc) rental 1737
Hampshire Archives and Local Studies
See HMC Principal family and estate collections A-K, 1996 [44n]
21
1734: Steyning (Sussex) rental
West Sussex Record Office
NRA 7796 W Sussex misc

See HMC Principal family and estate collections A-K, 1996 [44o]
22
1847: Auchlyne (Perthshire) household inventory and valuation
National Records of Scotland (formerly National Archives of Scotland)
NRA 31601 Campbell

See HMC Principal family and estate collections A-K, 1996 [14a]
23
18th cent-19th cent: Grenville family corresp and papers
Centre for Buckinghamshire Studies
NRA 25231 Buckingham

See HMC Principal family and estate collections A-K, 1996 [44d]
24
1827-1845: misc Grenville family financial papers
Centre for Buckinghamshire Studies
NRA 25231 Buckingham

See HMC Principal family and estate collections A-K, 1996 [44f]
25
18th cent-20th cent: Grenville family corresp and papers
Collection held privately: enquiries to Centre for Buckinghamshire Studies
NRA 25231 Buckingham

See HMC Principal family and estate collections A-K, 1996 [44h]
26
1696-1780: Chandos family settlements and related papers (from the Grenville family archives)
London Metropolitan Archives: City of London
NRA 9555

See HMC Principal family and estate collections A-K, 1996 [44k]
27
mainly 17th cent: Lake and Temple family papers (formerly at Stowe)
British Library, Manuscript Collections
See HMC Principal family and estate collections A-K, 1996 [44p]
28
1693-19th cent: Grenville family and official papers 18th-19th cent, with legal case papers rel to the Lake family estates 1693-1700
British Library, Manuscript Collections
NRA 25231 Buckingham

See HMC Principal family and estate collections A-K, 1996 [44r]
29
18th cent-19th cent: Grenville family corresp and papers
Kent History and Library Centre
NRA 25095
30
c1761-1768: corresp of George Grenville (1712-1770) and the 2nd Earl Temple (1711-1779)
British Library, Manuscript Collections
See HMC Principal family and estate collections A-K, 1996 [44q]
31
18th cent: further corresp and papers of George Grenville (1712-1770) and the 2nd Earl Temple (1711-1779)
British Library, Manuscript Collections
See HMC Principal family and estate collections A-K, 1996 [44q]
32
18th cent: further papers of George Grenville (1712-1770)
Lewis Walpole Library
NRA 22338 Walpole Library

See HMC Principal family and estate collections A-K, 1996 [44q]
33
1810-1820: letters to General Richard Grenville (1742-1823) from Lady Hester Stanhope
British Library, Manuscript Collections
See HMC Principal family and estate collections A-K, 1996 [44s]
34
1867-1868: Colonial Office corresp of the 3rd Duke of Buckingham (d 1889)
British Library, Manuscript Collections
See HMC Principal family and estate collections A-K, 1996 [44t]
35
1822-1875: letter book of the 3rd Duke of Buckingham 1848-75, with a game book 1822-25
Centre for Buckinghamshire Studies
NRA 19654 Stowe estate

See HMC Principal family and estate collections A-K, 1996 [44e]
36
1672-1677: Irish papers of Arthur Capell (d 1683), 15th Earl of Essex (formerly at Stowe)
British Library, Manuscript Collections
See HMC Principal family and estate collections A-K, 1996 [16p]

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