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Tufton, family, Earls of Thanet

This page summarises records created by this Family

The summary includes a brief description of the collection(s) (usually including the covering dates of the collection), the name of the archive where they are held, and reference information to help you find the collection.

Date: 1100-1900
History:

The Tufton family was settled in the Rainham district of Kent from the 12th century. Hothfield (Kent) was purchased c1542, and the family also acquired estates in Sussex (mainly near the Kent border) and other counties. Sir Nicholas Tufton, 2nd Bt (1578-1631), was created Earl of Thanet in 1628. The 2nd Earl married in 1629 Margaret Sackville, daughter of the 3rd Earl of Dorset by Anne, Baroness Clifford in her own right. Through her (who married secondly the 4th Earl of Pembroke) the Tufton family inherited former Clifford estates in the West Riding of Yorkshire (Skipton Castle, etc) and Westmorland (Appleby Castle, Brough, Brougham, etc, with the hereditary shrievalty of Westmorland), and the Sackville property of Bolebrooke (Sussex) (sold in 1770: see also Sackville, Barons Sackville).

Robert de Clifford, created Baron Clifford in 1299, and his nephew the 3rd Baron inherited the extensive estates of the Vipont or Veteripont family in Westmorland and elsewhere. The 1st Baron was also granted Skipton, Skelton (Cumberland) and other estates by Edward I. The 9th Baron (d. 1461) married Margaret, daughter and heir of Henry de Bromflete, Lord Vessy, through whom estates in the East and North Ridings of Yorkshire (Bromflete, Londesborough, Malton, etc) were inherited. The 11th Baron Clifford (1493-1542) was created Earl of Cumberland in 1525, and considerably extended the West Riding estates, notably by the acquisition of the Percy Fee in Craven and the Bolton Abbey lands. In the second half of the sixteenth century, however, there were extensive sales both of estates in Craven and of outlying properties. On the death of the 5th Earl of Cumberland in 1643 the Bolton Abbey and Londesborough estates passed to his daughter, who married Richard Boyle, Viscount Dungarvan and later Earl of Cork and Earl of Burlington (see Cavendish, Dukes of Devonshire), but the Skipton Castle and Westmorland estates passed to his cousin Lady Pembroke (see above).

On the death of the 6th Earl of Thanet in 1729 the barony of Clifford fell into abeyance among his daughters (for the Dungeness lighthouse dues, that passed to his third daughter, the Countess of Leicester and Baroness Clifford in her own right, see Coke, Earls of Leicester), but the bulk of the family estates passed to his nephew as 7th Earl. He married in 1722 Mary Savile, daughter and co-heir of the 2nd Marquess of Halifax (d. 1700), through whom, on the partition of the unentailed Halifax estates in 1742, some Derbyshire property was inherited. (See also Lumley-Savile of Rufford, and, for Savile properties inherited by the Boyle family, see Cavendish, Dukes of Devonshire.)

The 11th Earl of Thanet was succeeded in 1849 by his natural son Sir Richard Tufton, Bt, whose son was created Baron Hothfield in 1881.

Estates in 1883: Westmorland 17,093 acres, Yorks WR 11,953 acres, Kent 10,144 acres, Cumberland 86 acres, total 39,276 acres worth £45,937 a year.

Places:
  • Appleby, Westmorland
  • Bolton Abbey, Yorkshire
  • Brough, Westmorland
  • Crich, Derbyshire
  • Eyam, Derbyshire
  • Framfield, Sussex
  • Hothfield, Kent
  • Hurlston, Cheshire
  • Kirkby Stephen, Westmorland
  • Lockington, Leicestershire
  • Londesborough, Yorkshire
  • London
  • Newbottle, Northamptonshire
  • Northiam, Sussex
  • Peasmarsh, Sussex
  • Rainham, Kent
  • Silsden, Yorkshire
  • Skelton, Cumberland
  • Skipton, Yorkshire
  • Westwell, Kent
Sources of authority: Royal Commission on Historical Manuscripts, Guide to Principal Estate and Family Collections L-W, 1999.
Name authority reference: GB/NNAF/F81341 (Former ISAAR ref: GB/NNAF/F10554 )
Collections
  Description Held by Reference Further information
1
12th cent-19th cent: Kent (Hothfield, Rainham, etc) deeds, legal papers, manorial records, family and estate papers 12th-19th cent, with misc Cheshire (Hurlston), Derbys (Eyam, etc), Leics (Lockington, etc), London, Northants (Newbottle) and Sussex (Framfield, etc) deeds and papers 14th-19th cent, misc Westmorland (Appleby, etc) and Yorks (Skipton, etc) estate papers 17th-19th cent and Virginia estate papers c1613-67
Kent History and Library Centre
NRA 4391 Tufton

See HMC Principal family and estate collections L-W, 1999 [108a]
2
16th cent-19th cent: Kent (Hothfield, etc) and Sussex (Framfield, etc) deeds, manorial records and estate papers
Kent History and Library Centre
NRA 5406

See HMC Principal family and estate collections L-W, 1999 [108b]
3
1795, 1847-1849: Kent (Hothfield, etc) manorial rentals
Kent History and Library Centre
NRA 18189

See HMC Principal family and estate collections L-W, 1999 [108b]
4
17th cent-19th cent: misc Kent (Hothfield, etc) manorial records and legal and estate papers
Kent History and Library Centre
NRA 5301

See HMC Principal family and estate collections L-W, 1999 [108c]
5
c1630-19th cent: Kent (Hothfield, etc) estate maps
Kent History and Library Centre
NRA 4391 Tufton

See HMC Principal family and estate collections L-W, 1999 [108d]
6
c1830-1849: Kent estate rent accounts
Kent History and Library Centre
NRA 4391 Tufton

See HMC Principal family and estate collections L-W, 1999 [108f]
7
1759-1767: Kent (Hothfield, etc) estate steward's accounts
Kent History and Library Centre
NRA 11066

See HMC Principal family and estate collections L-W, 1999 [108g]
8
13th cent-19th cent: Westmorland (Appleby, Brough, etc) and misc Cumberland (Skelton, etc) and Yorks (Skipton, etc) deeds, legal, family and estate papers 13th-19th cent, incl papers of the predecessor Clifford family, with misc Derbys (Eyam, etc) estate papers 18th-19th cent and London estate accounts 1743-55
Cumbria Archive Centre, Kendal
NRA 12905

See HMC Principal family and estate collections L-W, 1999 [108h]
9
14th cent-19th cent: Westmorland (Appleby, etc) manorial records and legal and estate papers and Appleby borough papers
Cumbria Archive Centre, Kendal
NRA 41063

See HMC Principal family and estate collections L-W, 1999 [108i]
10
1749-19th cent: Westmorland (Appleby, etc) legal and estate corresp
Cumbria Archive Centre, Kendal
See HMC Principal family and estate collections L-W, 1999 [108j]
11
1690-1724: Westmorland (Appleby, etc) estate rentals and accounts
Cumbria Archive Centre, Carlisle
NRA 17777 Lowther

See HMC Principal family and estate collections L-W, 1999 [63a]
12
13th cent-19th cent: Yorks (Skipton, etc) manorial records, estate and misc papers 13th-19th cent, incl papers rel to Bolton Abbey and Londesborough pre mid-17th cent, Skipton and Londesborough household accounts 1628-29, etc
Yorkshire Archaeological and Historical Society
NRA 12905

See HMC Principal family and estate collections L-W, 1999 [108k]
13
17th cent-19th cent: Yorks (Skipton, etc) manorial records
Yorkshire Archaeological and Historical Society
NRA 546 Bradfer-Lawrence

See HMC Principal family and estate collections L-W, 1999 [108l]
14
16th cent-19th cent: Beamsley Hospital (Skipton, Yorks) records
Yorkshire Archaeological and Historical Society
See HMC Principal family and estate collections L-W, 1999 [108m]
15
1820: Yorks estate rental
Essex Record Office
NRA 23544 Petre

See HMC Principal family and estate collections L-W, 1999 [83a]
16
c1684-1729: register of estate papers, mainly Westmorland and Yorks
Oxford University: Bodleian Library, Special Collections
See HMC Principal family and estate collections L-W, 1999 [108p]
17
1684: estate papers of the 6th Earl of Thanet
Nottinghamshire Archives
NRA 5959 Cavendish-Bentinck

See HMC Principal family and estate collections A-K, 1996 [18a]

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