Duchy of Lancaster: Drafts and Particulars for Leases
This series consists mainly of the particulars and drafts for leases issued under the seals of the Duchy of Lancaster and the County Palatine of Lancaster.
Some particulars relate to the possessions of chantries and colleges which lay within the Duchy, which after the Dissolution were leased out by the Duchy administrators.
Some of the draft leases relate to leases in reversion, or the lease of a future right in a property, usually at the end of the current lease. These were often used to reward royal servants who would sell the right to the reversion, usually to the current lessee.
There is also a bundle of counterpart leases of the Commonwealth (1649-1660) period.
From the beginning of the period covered by this series, authority for such leases was within the remit of the chancellor and council of the Duchy and the process would be initiated by a chancellor's warrant to the clerk of the Duchy to prepare a draft lease. Occasionally authority for leases would come from outside the Duchy from the monarch in the form of signet bills, a few of which occur in this series. Prior to the reign of Elizabeth I some drafts were checked by the auditor, who would write a note of the value of the property at the bottom, or on the dorse, of the draft. The chancellor would then check and sign the draft and add the term of the lease based on the auditor's advice.
From the reign of Elizabeth I, however, the chancellor's initial warrant would not be to the clerk but to the relevant auditor to draw up a particular of the property to be leased. A draft particular would be returned to the Duchy Chancery and the final particular would be drawn up for the attention of the chancellor. He would then, write his fiat or warrant on the bottom of the particular to the clerk, who would have a draft of the lease drawn up in the Duchy Chancery. This would then be checked and signed by the clerk and the attorney general, rather than the chancellor. A two part lease could then, finally, be prepared.
Found an error? Suggest a correction to help improve our descriptions.
Users have not yet tagged this record
Use the form below to include your knowledge of this record. If your description includes any citable references, please add these to the "Citable References?" field on the right, remebering to seperate each reference with a comma, for example (FO 176/1/1, FO 178/2/1, and so on...)