Foreign Office: Claims Department: Correspondence and Claims Files
This series contains files of the Claims Department concerning compensation claims by British nationals against foreign governments arising out of the Second World War and subsequent claims by individuals and the government against foreign states, and by foreign states and their nationals against the United Kingdom. The series also includes files about the Foreign Compensation Commission's activities.
From the beginning of 1950 a revised filing system was adopted by the Foreign Office. This system was based on:
- i) an initial letter (or letters) indicating the Department concerned
- ii) a file number
- iii) a further number indicating the particular paper in the file
A Separate series of code numbers for countries was used together with file numbers for papers filed in the Claims, Consular and Information Policy Departments. This modification does not affect the basic filing principle, thus KG 1021/7 stands for paper 7 on file 1 in the Consular Department's Argentina series.
Claims Department index letters:
- H - Claims
- H - General
- HG - Geographical
Foreign Office, Claims Department, 1960-1968
Foreign Office, Consular Department, 1893-1968
In November 1945 a Claims Section was established within the Consular Department to deal with claims from members of the public in respect of damage resulting from the Second World War. Its responsibilities included both cases of claims made against the British government by foreign governments and those where there was any question of the British government taking up individual grievances with foreign governments, and were similar to those performed by the Foreign Claims Office set up during the First World War.
Much of the work had previously been dealt with by the Political Departments and the Foreign Office legal adviser. In May 1946 the section became a separate Claims Department; its area of responsibility was still restricted to war claims, but it was intended that it would eventually handle all claims matters reaching the Foreign Office. In 1958 it again became a section of the Consular Department, and a separate department once more in 1960.
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- FO Records created or inherited by the Foreign Office
- Records of the Claims Department and the Foreign Compensation Commission
- FO 950 Foreign Office: Claims Department: Correspondence and Claims Files