Committee for Compounding with Delinquents: Books and Papers
The records of the Committee for Compounding with Delinquents including Parliamentary orders to the committee, general proceedings, warrants for payment of money, order books, entry books of out-letters, minute books, returns, receipts and reports of compositions and sequestrations, and lists of delinquents and surveys of their estates. The committees's report on an individual delinquent's case is usually accompanied by petitions, a particular of the estate (sometimes of debts) with the delinquent's signature and certificates of political correctness.
There are two series of specific royalist composition papers, the second covering particular estates and fines. There are also letters and depositions returned by county committees on the orders of the committee, and an order book of the Committee for Scottish Affairs. Also contains some of the records of the Committee for Plundered Ministers: SP 22
The estates of royalists not permitted to compound or who refused to do so were in the hands of the treason trustees meeting at Drury House, London. Their papers have virtually disappeared, but they informed the Committee for Compounding of releases of sequestrated property to new owners: such information survives in this series, but should be treated with caution.
The series was formerly known as 'Interregnum G'.
Uncalendared composition material relating to Yorkshire is in SP 28/7
Committee for Scottish Affairs, 1643-1656
The Committee for Compounding for the Estates of Royalists and Delinquents, established by Parliament to raise money for their fight with Charles I, first met at Goldsmiths Hall in London on 8 November 1643. It sought loans of money until July 1644, and then turned to delinquents. The object was to receive from the delinquents themselves, both from those against whom no information had been made and from those who were already under sequestration, a confession of their delinquency; a pledge of adherence to the present government; and a full account on oath of their possessions, real and personal. A legal report was then made and they were admitted to compound in proportion to the degree of their guilt. One half his estate was extracted from any delinquent member of parliament, one sixth from those who had taken part in the former or latter war, and one third from those who had been active in both wars.
The committee overtook and eventually absorbed the Committee for Advance of Money and the Sequestration Committee (by 1650), as the system of fining delinquents was the most expeditious one tried. It was in place by 1645, and lingered on, the terms varying, until 1656, with a temporary and ineffective revival in 1659 after Booth's rising.
Money was distributed to the allied Scots army by the Committee for Scottish Affairs, also sitting at Goldsmiths Hall, but this committee in effect ceased to operate distinctly after October 1646.
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- SP Records assembled by the State Paper Office, including papers of the Secretaries of...
- State Papers Domestic, Civil War and Interregnum
- SP 23 Committee for Compounding with Delinquents: Books and Papers